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     Your prognosis is your outlook or your
chance of recovery from breast cancer. New and better treatments are helping
people diagnosed with breast cancer live longer than ever before. Still, breast
cancer may come back or spread to another part of the body after treatment. Your
doctor will consider many factors when determining your prognosis, including, the
size of the breast cancer the stage of the breast cancer: whether the cancer is
only in the breast or has spread to the lymph nodes or other places in the body
the type of breast cancer the hormone-receptor status of the cancer HER2 status
whether the cancer is triple-negative estrogen-receptor-negative,
progesterone-receptor-negative, and HER2-negativethe rate of cell growth how
likely the cancer is to come back recurrence whether the cancer has just been
diagnosed or is a recurrence your age your menopausal status your general
health. Doctors often use survival rates to talk about your prognosis. While
some people want to know the statistics for others in similar situations, it’s
important to remember that each person and each breast cancer is unique.
Survival rates usually are based on the outcomes of many, many people diagnosed
with breast cancer, but survival rates can’t predict what will happen in your
particular situation.

     The stage of your breast cancer is
a very important factor based on decisions about your treatment options. The
more the breast cancer spreads the more treatment you will need. But others can
also be important such as If the cancer cells
contain hormone receptors that is, if the cancer is ER-positive or PR-positive If
the cancer cells have large amounts of the HER2 protien. If the cancer is
positive Your health and personal preferences if you have gone through
menopause or not , How fast the cancer is growing measured by grade. Talk
with your doctor about how these factors can affect your treatment options.
Stage 0 cancer means that the cancer is limited to the inside of the milk duct
and is a non-invasive cancer. The treatment approach for breast tumors are
often different from the treatment of invasive breast cancer. Stage one of these
breast cancers are still very small and have not spread to the lymph nodes or
have only a tiny area of cancer spread in the sentinel lymph node the first
lymph node to which cancer is likely to spread. Stage two these breast cancers
are larger than stage one cancers and have spread to a few nearby lymph nodes.
Stage three these tumors are large or are growing into tissues in which the
skin over the breast or the muscle under or they have spread and many turned
into lymph nodes. Stage four have spread beyond the breast and nearby lymph
nodes to other parts of the body. Treatment for stage IV breast cancer is
usually a systemic drug therapy. Recurrence can be local in the same breast or
in the surgery. Treatment depends on where the cancer recurs and what
treatments you have had before. Triple negative breast cancer cells don’t have
estrogen or progesterone receptors and don’t have too much of the protein
called HER2. Triple negative breast cancers grow and spread faster than most
other types of breast cancer. The cancer cells don’t have hormone receptors,
hormone therapy is not helpful in treating this cancer. They don’t have much
HER2, drugs that target HER2 aren’t helpful, either. Chemotherapy is usually
the standard treatment. There are not many current treatments for this type of
breast cancer, if you are in otherwise good health, you might want to think
about taking part in a Clinical trial testing a newer treatment.

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     Some common breast cancer signs and
symptoms include Skin changes such as swelling, redness, or differences in one
or both breasts that can be noticed. Females often notice the size or change in
shape of the breasts. Changes in the look of one or both nipples, nipple
discharge other than breast milk, some may experience pain or tenderness on any
part of the breast. Others may feel Lumps on or inside of the breast. Symptoms
more specific to breast cancer can be a rash break out or itchy breasts. Change
in breast color can occur the breast may begin to look darker. Changes in touch
it can feel hard, peeling or flaking of the nipple skin. Females often have the
symptom of breast cancer as a lump or mass in the breast tissue. Women must go
to their doctor after finding a lump, they should also be aware of any other
changes to the breast or nipple that can be a sign of breast cancer. With the different
type of cancers come a variety of related symptoms. A distinct breast lump that
you can feel. A mammogram is
an x-ray of the breast. People should make appointments to do screenings to
detect breast cancer in women who have no apparent symptoms, diagnostic
mammograms are used after suspicious results on a screening mammogram some sign
alert the physician to check the tissue. A diagnostic mammogram can be
determined if the symptoms are indicative of the presence of cancer. Diagnostic
mammograms provide a more detailed x-ray of the breast using special
techniques. They are also used in special circumstances, such as for patients
with breast implants.” According to https://ww5.komen.org/BreastCancer/Diagnosis.html. The use of a mammogram is to be able to
check for breast cancer it may depend on the size of the tumor. Mammography is
less likely to show breast tumors in women younger than 50 years than in older
women. This may be because younger women have denser breast tissue that appears
white on a mammogram. When a tumor appears white on a mammogram it makes it harder
to detect. If your doctor prescribes a diagnostic mammogram, realize that it
will take longer than a normal screening because more x-rays are taken,
providing views of the breast from multiple angles. The radiologist
administering the test may also zoom in on a specific area of the breast where
there is a suspicion of an abnormality. This should give your doctor a better
image of the tissue to arrive at an accurate diagnosis.

    Breast cancer is a type of cancer that
starts in the tissue of the breast and spread to the surrounding area of the
breast. This cancer begins from the inner lobules of the breast. They are   called
the ducts and is known as the part of the breast that makes milk. After a female
develops cancer, she is tested to find out what type of cancer she has and
which treatment would work better. In recent studies, the number of women
getting breast cancer has increasing over the years. Women have one of the
highest death rate due to breast cancer is higher than any other cancers.
Breast Cancer Trends Among Women of early age In the U.S there is a one in
eight that women will acquire a type of breast cancer in their lifetime. “Just
in 2013 an estimated of 232,340 new cases of breast cancer was diagnosed in
women all over the United States” according to http://www.nationalbreastcancer.org.
Many researchers and doctors believe this is due to increase industrialization
exposure, negative lifestyle choices and their family genetics.

 

 

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