www.omniglot.comoffers a guide to writing systems and languages, as well as valuable phrases, language learning suggestions, multilingual literature, and even more. The site provides information about almost all of the alphabets and writing systems now in use, as well as a large number of ancient and created alphabets and writing techniques. Besides multilingual writings, it also provides language-learning advice and resources such as a book shop, some helpful phrases in other languages, and a growing collection of connections to language-related websites.
Welcome to Omniglot
The word "Omniglot" is derived from the Latin prefix omnis (which means "all") and the Greek root (which means "all") (glossa, meaning "tongue"). Initial plans for the website www.omniglot.com, which British novelist Simon Ager created in 1998, were to serve as a web design and translation service. As Ager gathered and contributed more material about languages and diverse writing systems, the project expanded into an encyclopaedia, which is now being updated. It contains reference resources for 341 written scripts in various languages and approximately 880 built, modified, and fictitious scripts, as well as aids for learning new languages. In addition, it provides reference resources in a variety of languages. The Omniglot Challenge, a compendium of characters used to create artificial intelligence, was based on the information from the ruins of the city. Since its inception, the Omniglot compendium has been frequently utilised to find information. As of December 2021, there are over 1,600 languages listed on the site, an increase over the previous year.
A comprehensive online site documenting the construction and history of the world's writing systems, www.omniglot.com is a must-visit for anybody interested in writing systems. There are many similarities between it and the Phrontistery, which started as a young man's fascination and has evolved into something much more over the previous decade. Generally speaking, it is regarded as the most incredible online knowledge source for writing systems; but you might also consult Wikipedia, whose entry on the subject is presently rather excellent. If you can't buy The World's Writing Systems (Daniels and Bright 1996), the best print book available, Omniglot is a fantastic place to start learning about writing systems from scratch.
Writing systems may be split into two categories: those that represent consonants and vowels (alphabets) and those that represent syllables (syllabaries); however, some writing systems represent both simultaneously. It is possible to divide each type into several subtypes, and various writing systems are classified in different ways according to different sources.
- Abjads / Consonant Alphabets:Abjads, or consonant alphabets, contain distinct characters for consonants and may use some consonant letters and/or diacritics to represent vowels. Full vowel indication (vocalisation) is only used in specific settings in Abjads such as Arabic and Hebrew, such as religious publications and children's books.
- Alphabets:Alphabets, often known as phonemic alphabets, are collections of letters used to represent consonants and vowels. In some languages, such as Czech, each letter or combination of characters represents a single sound. Still, in others, such as English, letters may represent a range of sounds, or the same sounds may be expressed in multiple ways. The Latin or Roman alphabet and the Cyrillic alphabet are the most extensively used alphabets. They have been customised to write in hundreds of different languages and are used on all seven continents.
- Abugidas / Syllabic Alphabets:Syllabic alphabets, alphasyllabaries, and abugidas are writing systems in which the syllable is the primary component. Syllables are made up of consonants, each with an inherent vowel, such as ka, kha, ga, and gha. When vowels occur at the beginning of a syllable or on their own, diacritic symbols are employed to modify or mute the inherent vowel, and distinct vowel characters may be utilised. The majority of writing systems in South and Southeast Asia use syllabic alphabets. Syllabaries:A syllabary is a phonetic writing system consisting of symbols representing syllables. A syllable is often made up of a consonant followed by a vowel or a single vowel.
- Semanto-phonetic writing systems:In semanto-phonetic writing systems, symbols often reflect both sound and meaning. Consequently, such scripts often include many characters, ranging from hundreds to tens of thousands. In reality, there is no theoretical upper limit to the number of symbols in specific scripts, such as Chinese. These scripts are also known as logophonetic, morphophonemic, logographic, or logosyllabic scripts.
- Undeciphered writing systems:Writing systems that have not yet been decoded or have only been partly deciphered
- Other writing and communication systems:(i) Alternative scripts are scripts used to write English and other languages. (ii) Phonetic alphabets are writing systems that may be used to express the pronunciation of any language phonetically. (iii) Other notation methods include Braille, Shorthand, and others. (iv) Morse Code, Semaphore, and other language-based communication methods (v) Enochian, Theban, and other magical alphabets (vi) Fictional scripts are writing systems utilised in novels, movies, and computer games.
- Constructed scripts:Ainu | Arabic | Chinese languages | Dutch | English | Hawaiian | Japanese | Korean | Malay & Indonesian | Persian | Russian | Sanskrit | Spanish | Tagalog | Taino | Turkish | Vietnamese | Welsh | Other natural languages | Colour-based scripts | Phonetic/universal scripts | Constructed scripts for constructed languages | Adaptations of existing alphabets | Fictional alphabets | Magical alphabets | A-Z index