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Women athletes have been fighting for equal opportunity for
years; Title IX has relieved some inequalities, but definitely not all. Before Title
IX was enacted in 1972, there were a scarce number of opportunities that existed
for American female athletes. Title IX states that “no person in the
United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be
denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education
program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” (source) The
National Collegiate Athletic Association, now known as the NCAA, was formed in
1906 to design and implement rules in men’s football. The NCAA became the elite
“ruling body of college athletics and offered zero athletic scholarships for
women and also held no championships for women’s teams. Furthermore,
facilities, supplies and funding were all lacking for women athletes. ” (
In addition to the shortage of funding, there were only around 30,000 female
athletes competing in NCAA sports compared to the 150,000 male athletes. Title
IX was devised to rectify these imbalances and administer equal rights and

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