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Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s early life helped shape him into the great composer he is known as today. Mozart was a musician capable of playing multiple instruments at a very young age. He started performing in public at the age of six. Mozart was born on January 27 1756, in Salzburg, Austria. “Born in the archbishopric of Salzburg, a territory of the Holy Roman Empire, Mozart by the age of six had already acquired a reputation throughout Europe as a musical prodigy” (VAN HORN MELTON 1). He was the only surviving son of Leopold and Maria Pertl Mozart. Leopold, his father, was a successful composer, violinist, and assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court. Wolfgang’s mother, Anna Maria Pertl, was born to a middle class family of local community leaders. He had one sibling, a sister named Maria Anna, known by her nickname; Nannerl. With their father’s encouragement and guidance, Wolfgang and Nannerl both became immersed in music at an early age. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is still, to this day, considered one of the most gifted figures in history. On August 4, 1782, Mozart married Constanze Weber, an Austrian woman who trained as a singer. Mozart and Constanze went on to have six children, but only two of the six children lived past the age of one. Karl Thomas Mozart and Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart were both successful men in life but both went on to die, unmarried and without children. At just four years of age,Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart began his musical education, studying under his father. The reason mozart did not attend school was because he spent all of his time devoted to his music. He was homeschooled by his father  but he didn’t really learn all that much about school. Instead, he focused on music. At the age of five he was presented as a child prodigy and performed his first musical tour throughout Europe. Mozart studied at the University of Salzburg. His father Leopold shaped Mozart into the person who he became. Leopold is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.Mozart’s career first took off when he performed his first public performance and was recognized as a child prodigy. The Mozart family grand tour was a journey through Western Europe, undertaken by Leopold Mozart, his wife Anna Maria, and their musically gifted children from 1763 to 1766. The royal courts of France, England, and Holland had bid the two child prodigies a warm welcome and celebrated their performances.  In addition, both Wolfgang and his sister performed for the courts in Munich and Vienna. Later, in Vienna in 1768, Mozart wrote his first Italian opera, “La Finta Semplice.” His father urged Mozart to write his first Italian opera. He did this because there were other young composers in Vienna, Mozart was not the only composer in Vienna. For example, Antonio Salieri rose to fame, at 19 years old far more experienced than Mozart. Between 1786 and 1787, Leopold and his wife travelled twice to Prague for the premieres of two of Wolfgang’s operas,”The Marriage of Figaro” and later “Don Giovanni.” By 1788, Mozart’s compositions had begun to lose popularity and began to sell less. He continued to play, but concerts were less well attended. “Back in Salzburg in 1779, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart produced a series of church works, including the Coronation Mass. Between 1789 and 1790, Mozart composed “Cosi fan Tutte,” and  composed a piece for the coronation of Joseph II. After a period of financial struggle, Mozart found renewed success, with “The Magic Flute.” He began work on the Requiem, but did not complete it. The completed portions were performed only once, on November 20. On December 5, 1791, while still in his thirties, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died not long after the composition and success of “The Magic Flute.” His cause of death is recorded as fever.Much of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s life and music were shaped by the Enlightenment and its principles. Mozart’s travels to England and France had exposed him to the ideals of independence and equality. Mozart also challenged the church by creating compositions that were not based on the Christian religion. Mozart’s progressive compositions paved the way for other artists to create new and interesting music for all to hear. Without Mozart, people today  might not have any music besides the Christian genre, approved by the church. Even though, Modern-day music is no where close to the Enlightenment time period music, Mozart allowed for artists to create music for all to hear outside of the box. Mozart changed society in Anthropology because his music helped shape the backbone modern culture.

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