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William Blake was known to be a mystic poet who was curious about the unknowns in the world, and strived to find all the answers. Does God create both gentle and fearful creatures? As a questioned asked in the poem “The Tyger” William Blake pondered on why an all-powerful, loving God would create a vicious predator, the Tiger, after he created a sweet, timid, harmless animal, the lamb. The theme of this poem surrounds this idea of why the same creator would create both a destructive and gentle animal. This issue is brought up and discussed through rhyme, repetition, allusion, and symbolism. The poem opens up with the words, “Tyger Tyger, burning bright,” which in this case makes the words Tyger appear to the reader as if the author is speaking directly to the Tyger and sets up the theme of night along with which come darkness and evil. The words “burning bright” are used as a comparison to the Tyger. Blake chooses fire to be compared to the Tyger because both are known to be harmful, strong, wild, forceful, and destructive. In a way, they also resemble each other in looks, as a Tyger in the dark, looks like a fire because of its orange stripes. The third and fourth lines aske the first unanswered question: What creator has the ability to make something with such “fearful symmetry” (4)? The second stanza asks the same question but in a completely different way, wondering where the Tyger came from. In lines 10 and 20, Blake’s asks two questions. These questions are different from the rest, he asks, “Did he smile his work to see? /Did he who made the lamb make thee?” (19, 20) These lines are asking if the creator was happy with his work of such destructive soul, it also asks if the creator of the lamb was also the creator of the Tyger. You can look at this as if Blake was trying to connect the evil Tyger with the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. The last lines ask the same question as the first, who could and who would create the Tyger. Rhyme is found all throughout the poem and has a huge effect on the reader. Blake used rhyme and detail to create some more wicked thoughts of the Tyger in the readers mind. Each stanza is made up of two couplets. Because these couplets keep a steady going rhyme, we the reader can imagine the Tyger’s heartbeat, beating as we say the words as Blake intended the to be read. Repetition plays a key role, as it gives the reader a first look as to what Blake considers prime information. For example, the word “dread” is repeated many times all around the poem, particularly in lines 12 and 15. Because this word is used many times in the poem, it draws the reader’s attention and contributes even more to the image of the Tyger in the readers mind. The first and last stanzas form an introduction and conclusion. The differences between these lines get the reader’s attention and points out significant ideas that lead up to the meaning of the poem. There was a change in words in the last stanza, “dare” was put instead of “could.” This changes the speaker’s intention, so he s not asking who could create the Tyger, but what God would create destructive animal, knowing its strengths and all the damage it can create. Allusion is also an important part of this poem because of the way the author uses it to connect to the outside works that may also encourage the reader to think in a certain way that goes along with the themes of the poem. The first allusion, found in lines 7 and 8, are to the Greek gods Icarus and Prometheus. This allusion requires the readers to think about gods and religion, which is a major part of the theme of this poem. Another allusion I see is in line 20, which refers to another one of Blake’s poems, “The Lamb.” This allusion is significant because the speaker asks, “Did he who made the Lamb make thee?” (20) And he wonders whether or not the same creator who made something so gentle and pure could also make such an evil animal. The allusion itself brings the reader to think about the other poems and to contrast the two completely different messages. The significates in “The Tyger” is strong and allows the reader to find the deeper meaning in the poem. The Tyger stands for darkness and evil, and on the other hand, the lamb is the exact opposite. The mention of the blacksmith in lines 13-16 symbolize the creator or God. This representation has a big effect on the poem because it makes the poem about something more than just animals and creation, but about the debate of God creating something evil. Rhyme, repetition, allusion, and symbolism are put together to create imagery that shows the Tyger as a malicious and evil animal. Also, the question of whether or not God could create such a destructible monster is never completely answered. The reader comes to understand that it is not truly about the Tyger, but about its maker. Even with so many literary devices used to enhance the reader’s understanding, the final question still left the readers questioning: did the same God create both the Tyger and the lamb?

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