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William Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 18”, enhances the essence of beauty higher than that of nature, making nature’s seemingly flawless character appear dull compared to his lover. Through means of form, imagery, and figurative language, Shakespeare constantly expresses how his unnamed lover possesses immortal beauty that far transcends the splendor of a summer’s day.
In the first quatrain, Shakespeare begins by comparing his beloved to nature itself, but soon after, he instead offers reasons as to why the comparison is not deserving. Beginning with the example, “Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,” (Shakespeare 3) Shakespeare begins to unveil all the imperfections that summer possesses in order to further distance the beauty of his beloved from nature. During the month of May, the beginning of summer has commenced and the weather gradually begins to get warm as well as flower starting to fully blossom. However, instead of professing the positive characteristics of summer, Shakespeare openly condemns nature by implying that “rough winds” blow away all the petals of the beautiful flowers that resemble goodness and virtue which have now vanished. The significance of this claim may serve as a metaphor in order to indicate that “rough winds” are symbolic of trouble or obstacles that nature cannot manage; however, these troubles do not stir Shakespeare’s lover. In his perception, his beloved presents no flaws or negative characteristics and therefore illustrates that his lover is far more marvelous than nature itself.  
As Shakespeare denounces the season’s climate in order to downplay the significance of what readers normally think of as warm and calm, he uses the same ploy in order to further criticize nature through the way the sun shines. By Shakespeare saying that the sun is “sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, and often is his gold complexion dimmed,” (Shakespeare 5-6) he points out that the sun varies in shining too much some days and too hot other days. By stressing on the phrase “dimmed complexion”, the poet is yet again deemphasizing all positive thoughts of summer in order to show how his lover outweighs nature’s opposing imperfect trait. Through the use of personification, Shakespeare compares the sun as hot while his lover is represented as temperate. Shakespeare’s stress on the word “complexion” refers to something of human-likeness so that nature can be represented as flawed.
The third quatrain of the sonnet is used to emphasize that the lover does not carry any of the qualities that summer holds by claiming, “thy eternal shall not fade” (Shakespeare 9). According to the poet, the sun’s heat, brightness, and sense of life is unpredictable versus the calm and temperate characteristic that Shakespeare’s lover beholds. The concluding lines of the sonnet exhibits the theme of immortality as it pertains to the beauty of the poet’s lover. Shakespeare presents to the audience that “So long as men can breath or eyes can see, so long lives this, and this gives life to thee” (Shakespeare 13-14). The deeper significance of Shakespeare’s claim conveys that although they may die and be lost in time, the poem however will remain long after. And due to the fact that the poem still exists, the image of beauty and likeness will as well live on. These examples of Shakespeare’s indications is continuously implied in order to draw distance between what appears to be a person god-like in contrast to nature’s flaws. 
In conclusion, Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 18” evidently reveals the theme of immortality as well as beauty through imagery, figurative language, and personification. The poet’s specific use of end rhyme and structure such as “dimmed complexion” truly conveys the poet’s sense of purpose that is normally not envisioned. The sonnet continuously addresses the beauty of Shakespeare’s as out of ordinary in comparison to a summer’s day.

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