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What good does the U.S. involvement with the UN bring its citizens?  With the United States being a part of the Permanent 5, which consists of five countries that hold the power to veto, is it possible for the country to back out of the UN?  Many people see the benefits of involving the U.S. with the UN, but there are also drawbacks included in this union.  The U.S. has been a part of the UN ever since its creation; however, today the population calls for the stop of the country’s involvement with the international organization.  The question remains, “Do the people have a say whether the U.S. should leave or remain?”  The generation of this day and age know what the UN means, but do they really know what it is and what they do?  Almost everybody today is opinionated, and that is good; without the backing of actual facts, they are — in the end — nothing but opinions.  U.S. involvement with the UN must be looked at objectively and not subjectively.  The US has played a major part of the UN’s development ever since its founding and has undeniably helped shape the organization to what it is now.  The US holds a considerable amount of power within the organization and it certainly benefits the country to stay in an organization with a monumental magnitude such as the UN.  Delicate matters in this scale cannot be based on bias against the organization and must be based on facts and statistics instead of personal views.  U.S. involvement with the UN is a matter that must be handled delicately with the the focus of the betterment of not only this country but also of the world. The United Nations or UN for short is an international organization that was created shortly after World War II.  Its purpose is to create an international presence to deter any malicious intents and prevent any conflicts from escalating further like WWII.  It was also created to help promote international cooperation and resolve problems both international and domestic.  Thus far, many conflicts have been avoided or put down due to the UN’s international forces.  The UN was created in 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and Statute of the International Court of Justice.  It had fifty original founding members with Poland signing later in the year making it fifty-one (UN).  The organization had five permanent members also known as the Big 5 or P5.  The five countries were the five major allies during WWII, which were China, the French Republic, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States.  They were also the first five nations who were considered nuclear weapon states.  Only these five nations have the power to veto (Edmonds 27). The UN is made up of six Main Organs.  The organs include The General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat, all organs of which were established in 1945 when the UN was created.  The General Assembly is the main policy making organ of the UN.  All 193 Member States are represented, making the General Assembly the only body with universal representation. The General Assembly occurs every year in September in the General Assembly Hall located in New York.  The General Assembly makes decisions on important affairs such as peace and security, budgetary matters and new member admissions.  Each year, the GA elects a president to serve a one-year term unless in the case of a special or an emergency special session in which the current president may remain in office until after the special session.  The Security Council is an organ made primarily for the maintenance of international peace and security.  The Security Council has fifteen members, which include the P5 and 10 non-permanent nations that are elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly with each nation having one vote (UN).  Under the UN Charter, every Member States must comply with any decision made by the Security Council. In some cases, the Security Council can sanction and authorize Peacekeeping missions which help maintain international security.  With the help of the Security Council, countless conflicts have been thwarted and with the US as a major part of the military system sent in to help and prevent major conflicts.  Like the General Assembly, the Security Council also has an elected president which changes every month.  The third organ is the Economic and Social Council or ECOSOC.  This council is the main body for coordination, policies, and recommendations on economic, social and environment issues.  It is also the main force behind the implementation of internationally agreed development goals.  The ECOSOC has fifty-four members elected by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms.  The Trusteeship Council was established in 1945 to provide supervision for eleven Trust Territories that had been placed under seven Member States to ensure that the Territories are prepared for self-government and independence.  The Council ceased operations in 1994 when all Trust Territories gained independence or attained self-government.  The International Court of Justice is the main judicial organ of the UN.  It is located in the Peace Palace at the Hague, the only organ that is not located in New York.  It’s job is to settle disputes and give advisory opinions on legal questions in accordance to international law.  The last organ is the Secretariat which consists of the Secretary-General and numerous international UN staff members.  The Secretary-General is appointed by the GA on the recommendation of the Security Council for a five-year renewable term. Having only eight men to ever hold this position in the UN’s seventy year long existence proves the efficiency and effectiveness of the past Secretary-Generals. The presence of an international peacekeeping force is important and needed. It is something that is agreed around the world seeing as there are 193 members in the UN and there are 195 countries in the world. The only two non-member observer states are The Holy See or more commonly known as The Vatican and Palestine. The original UN declaration was signed in 1942 as an opposing act to the Axis powers; however, the UN Charter that formally created the organization was made in 1945.

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