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Treaty Great Sioux Reservation: All land in south Dakota west of the Mississippi RIver Treaty of Fort Laramie 1868: government gave up their military posts  Custer violated the Treaty of Fort Laramie: Indian Territory (Oklahoma): West of the Mississippi River Move all eastern Indians to the Great Plains because white settlers wanted to take over the lands that the indians lived on They didn’t have a government but they were allowed to govern themselves as long as they kept peaceChoctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek and Seminole American Civil War (1861-1865): they were divided to support the Union and Confederacy, took away the indians land as punishment for helping the Confederacy, The Dawes Act 1887: stop the conflict between the tribesAct in 1901 made all Indians of the Indian Territory citizens Oklahoma and Indian Territory become a single state, admitted to the Union Battle of Little Bighorn “Custer’s Last Stand” : name: a river on the battlefieldUnited States army suffers against Native American forces Southeastern Montana, June 25 and 26, 1876 U.S. Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer: dies, leader of the expedition into the Black Hills (southwestern South Dakota and eastern Wyoming and the Sioux owned it), they went because there was a rumor that gold had been found, they tried to buy it back but the Sioux didn’t want to, U.S. still takes over land and didn’t care about the treaty, sent the others to  reservations, they attacked them before the warriors attacked because they had been seen, Native Americans defeated them Wounded Knee: site of two famous events (American Indian History) A village on the Pine Ridge Reservation, a Sioux Indian reservation in South Dakota Lakota Sioux Indians 1890: Ghost Dance religion, God would restore the indian world to the way it was before whites arrived, army were scared that it could lead to the indians getting stronger and rise, fired a shot and the troops fought back, Lakota were outgunned by the Army Seizure of the village in 1973: protest federal  policies toward Indians, demanded the return of their lands Chisholm Trail: Jesse Chishom (1866): drove a wagon through the Indian Territory, later they followed him, they named it after him  Cowboys used it to transport cattle up the Chisholm Trail and onto the Great Plains No towns, hills or wooded areasNo more cattle drives because railroads were starting to grow across the plains

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