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Transform Plate Boundaries is defined as places where two plates slide past one another. In other words transform faults occur when two boundary moves horizontally. Boundaries do not get smaller or bigger, when the pressure between two boundaries overcome the force that keeps them together, earthquake occurs.The place that forms the transform plate boundary is known as the fracture zone. The majority of transform faults are found in ocean basins. And the fewer percentage iws found connecting mid-ocean ridges and subduction zones. W. Jason Morgan is an American geologist. In the 1960s. He is mainly known for his discovery that transform faults are zones where conflicting lithospheric plates slide past one another. Morgan suggests that opposite plates along an oceanic ridge are offset by a fracture. Transform faults are also known as conservative plate boundaries. A conservative plate boundary is when two tectonic plates conjoin together but do not create or destroy any of the earth’s surface by pulling, smashing, or pushing apart the earth’s surface. Instead it simply slides past each other causing no sort of damage or negative result. This is exactly how transform faults work. A transform always moves horizontally and their is always another transform fault on either side.Transform faults are commonly found on the ocean floor where they offset mid ocean ridges and enable to ocean to spread at different rates. It was through the work of John Tuzo Wilson that these faults were recognised as the connection between the ocean ridges and ocean trenches.Transform boundaries are very powerful. The way the slide past each other cause lots of earthquakes.Transform Faults neither create nor destroy land when occurring, but instead can create deep and shallow earthquakes. These deep, shallow earthquakes are most commonly found at mid-ocean ridges. These earthquakes are severely deadly and cause many damages. Transform faults have created many earthquakes but one of the main earthquakes was caused from a transform fault would be the one known as San Andreas Fault. San Andreas Fault hit in San Francisco in the year of 1906. This earthquake caused and left many damages to San Francisco. Some include buildings shaken into pieces, fires burning the city, and in all leaving a damaged city that would need a lot of cleaning up and renewing. The worst thing is that 600 people were affected from this earthquake and sadly passed away from the quake and the fires resulting from it.Most transform faults are found along the mid-ocean ridges. The majority of examples of transform faults happen are at mid-ocean ridges. So what is a mid- ocean ridge, well it is a ridge of mountains located in the middle of the ocean. Mid- ocean ridges form when two plates pull away or in other words apart from each other. In this process magma hardens which results in creating new oceanic crust and that is the ridge. Plate boundaries are never straight lines they instead are in a zigzag line that goes all the way down to the ocean floor. During this time the parts of the plates that are pulling away from each other are known as transform faults. Transform faults vary in length but also include a segment of the mid-ocean ridge at either side of the fault. When these faults move past one another no new crust is formed because the new crust is only formed when the boundary of the plates pull apart and not slide past each other. To summarize in all transform boundaries isn’t like divergent or convergent boundaries. Its unique in its on ways and characteristics. For one there is no new crust formed, and there is no subduction of plates. Though it is not as exciting as the other two transform faults has its dramatic side to it. The effects it has on human perspective is severely harmful in certain scenarios. In transform boundaries plates slide past one another which leads us to observe linear valleys where rock had been confirmed down deep leaving gaps, and river beds that have resulted in them being broken into two because of the shifting in opposite directions. Transform faults have their down side and upside but they will always be unique and full of surprises.

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