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Thinking about how to expand my final paper and considering my observations, I found a lot of interconnections with the discussions we had in class on the World system theory. The world’s system theory can be traced to the French social historian Fernand Braudel (Kottak 6th edition), it argues that within the global economy, there exists a division of labor. This division of labor separates global regions into parts, the core, the semi-periphery , and the peripheral regions. The central beliefs of the world system are established reflecting on the position, view, and relationship between the core, semi-periphery, and the periphery regions. Although these three regions are geographically different, they do share a similar culture in which they hold high regards to intense labor production and capital-intensive production. The terms “core”, “semi-periphery”, and “periphery” are used to represent the relation and diversity of the participants in international commerce. The core region is more developed, specializing in exporting manufactured goods; and the other periphery and semi – periphery regions who have fewer advances in technology,but they specialize in everything else, including exportation of agricultural, tourism  and extractive goods. These areas rely on each other for efficient economical advances in favor of the country, but they are not strictly codependent; the core territory can function and sell on their own, while the semi-peripheral and even more peripheral territory is heavily reliant on the core to aid the production and the exportation of their products.
Dominican Republic is a semi-periphery nation according to “Latin America in the World – System: World Revolutions and Semi-peripheral Development ” by Christopher Chase – Dunn and Alessandro Morosin . Semi-periphery nations are intermediate between core and the periphery nations, they are the  industrializing , mostly capitalist countries and they have organizational characteristics of both, core and periphery countries. They are also often geographically located between  core and peripheral regions.
I looked up on www.worldatlas.com that Dominican Republic is located in the continent of the Caribbean and it shares land boarders with only one country,Haiti. It covers 48,320 square kilometers of land and 350 square kilometers of water, which makes it the 133rd largest nation in the world with a total area of 48,670 square kilometers.The Dominican Republic became an independent state in 1844, after gaining its sovereignty from Spain. The population of The Dominican Republic is 10,088,598 (2012) and the nation has a density of 209 people per square kilometer.The currency is the Dominican Peso (DOP) and the people of The Dominican Republic are refered to as Dominican.The capital is  Santo Domingo (where I stayed ) and it has a population of 2,201,941.Also, Santo Domingo is the political center of Dominican Republic, which is considered a Republic, and home to its Executive head of state.
The Dominican Republic is a beautiful country with lots to offer, but vacations are a luxury only few can afford. According to Wallerstein,and my personal observations and communication with the staff and other tourists, these handful of people who are able to support traveling expenses are most likely from the “core” nations; we put “core” in quotations because of its definition is being perceived in Immanuel Wallerstein’s world system theory. Immanuel Wallerstein is an American sociologist, born September 1930, who is best known for his development in the general approach in sociological matters; his contributions led to the emergence of the world system theory. The theory states that core countries require higher skill and is more manufactured driven, while the other countries have low-skill required intense-physical labor; it correlates with the core countries being more economically stable than the periphery countries. Wallerstein is also mentioned in our book “Window on Humanity” chapter “World Theories”, which features documentation on the strongest, most powerful, and the most technologically advanced nations. These nations include Europe, the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, and Israel. These countries are referred to as the ‘Centre point’ in where it benefits from the economy of not just their own, but the periphery counties surrounding them; they are stated to be the wealthiest countries in the world. These core countries share most of these characteristics, vital for globalization, – such as development, scientific innovation, trans-nation links, advanced healthcare, and high levels of education. With the core regions developing so quickly in their technology, society, politics, and geography, the periphery and semi – periphery regions are shadowed and hindered in growth. The rates of wages, conditions of employment, accessibility to healthcare, infrastructure, and numerous other factors also contribute to a country’s ‘labeling’ on being core or not because these qualities are lacking in periphery and in semi – periphery countries. 
    As stated in ” International Tourism in Developing Nations: An Empirical Study” by Saengeeta Sinha ( August 2002)the success of core regions is assured by the dominance and exploitation of the other world regions; this, in turn, means that other countries’ participation in the world system is vital for the core countries to live on; they fuel one another.As an example from the history that is spoken about in our book, Indonesia and Africa have been linked in Indian Ocean trade for at least 2000 years. In the 15th century Europe established regular contact with Asia, Africa and eventually the New World(the Caribbean and the Americas).Also, after Christopher Columbus’s first voyage from Spain to the Bahamas and the Caribbean in 1492 witch was soon followed by additional voyages, the way for a major exchange of people, resources, products and ideas was open, and since then the Old and New Worlds were forever linked.
What has become apparent in all this is the population difference between core and semi – periphery regions. The population is substantially lower in the core regions compared to the  semi – periphery and periphery regions, and based on the facts already stated, this indicates that the smaller populations of the core are benefiting vastly from the poor, larger populations of the periphery and semi – periphery nations. Roughly estimating 75% of the earnings of the world economy benefits only 15% of people, who are represented in core estates. The countries benefiting from the 15% are generally highly industrialized with potential for even further growth. The culture in such populations puts heavier emphasis and importance in salary paid jobs than business jobs; and as well as  the result of this is the majority of the population being in the working class.
Although according to “foxnews world” the economy of Dominican Republic grew 7 percent in 2016 and established itself as the most robust in the Latin America and Caribbean regions. Hector Valdez who is the Central Bank Governor argued that such a success is reached, in part because of the drop in international oil prices and the strengthening of the U.S (which is “core”) economy, which he said helped generate more tourism and remittances for the Dominican Republic. Due to its incredible beaches and landscape Dominican Republic has developed along different parts of its territory that are mainly devoted to tourism.According to the Central Bank, there have been a dramatic increase in foreign tourism .There have been 4,135,480 tourists that arrived by air in 2010.Out of 3,189,306 of foreigners, most were from North America. Tourism has increased rapidly in the 1990’s, it more then doubled from 1992 to 1997 (Kiskeye Alternativa. 1999.), when it reached $2.1 billion. This made Dominican Republic one of the six Caribbean countries that in 1992 earned more from tourism as a share of their exports than from any other sector. The Caribbean is more tourism centered than any other part of the world states Kiskeye .Some of the smaller islands are completely dependent on tourists.
The presence and contrast between the core and semi –  periphery nations has significant impact on the tourism industry(Saengeeta Sinha, August 2002). The control, management and organization of the global tourist industry is mostly controlled by the core nations. The demand for tourist dollars in the semi – periphery nations creates alliances between the tourist organizations in the core and a group of elites in the developing nations who wield social, political and economic power. Consequently, the provision of infrastructure, the orientation of administrative services and the passing of licensing, labor and marketing regulations all proceed in accordance with the mandates from the tourist organizations in the core nations.As tourists arrive, a proportion of the tourist dollars spent in developing nations are partially  funneled back to the core economies from where the tourists arrive.Despite the fact that the core controls the development of the tourism industry in the periphery, coordination between the core and periphery in terms of the management of tourism is likely to increase the flow of tourists argues the world system theory. Thus, as the core- semi-periphery relationship intensifies, the flow of tourists to developing nations is likely to increase.

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