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  The Stono Rebellion was a large slave uprising that happened on Sept. 9, 1739, near the Stono river. This was caused by the Spanish advertisement of freedom and land, South Carolina’s change in slave number, increased regulation, and tensions between England and France. The Stono rebellion led to the Negro Act being passed and various other laws being put in place. This changed and African Americans gained the right to get an education, the right to freedom, land, and this ended slavery.   One reason why the Stono Rebellion may have been caused was by the Spanish advertisement of freedom and land. Slaves would run away secretly using the underground railroad and escape across the southern border. The result of the slaves running away caused a law called the Fugitive Slave Act. According to the enotes website, “One possible explanation is that the Spanish were advertising that any slave who escaped to St. Augustine, Florida would be given freedom and land.”  This shows why slaves might have wanted to run away to St. Augustine.   The second reason why the Stono Rebellion may have been caused, is by South Carolina’s change in slave number. The number of slaves soon started to overpower the number of slave owners. This caused a big fear that the slaves would fight back against the slave owners. This fear soon became a reality for the plantation owners and the slaves revolted against them. After hearing the Spanish advertisment, slaves ran towards St. Augustine killing up to twenty white people.   Thirdly, the Stono Rebellion might have been caused by increased regulation. After the cotton gin was introduced, farmers planted more cotton to increase profits and became even more dependent on slave labor. Since South Carolina was so dependant on slave labor, the demand for slaves rised. This made slaves run away and escape across the southernern border.   Lastly, the Stono Rebellion was caused by tensions between England and France. This discrepancy between the french and british attitudes towards the institution inclined slaves to favor the french. Unlike the french planters who lived and worked on the plantations, the english planter, if out of debt, must run away from england, were generally lost to every useful purpose in life, he vized with nobility in extravagance. While his attorney, and manager, are abaged to over work, and pinch, his poor slaves, to keep up, or increase the usual remittances.   In conclusion, the stono rebellion was caused by the spanish advertisement of freedom and land, South Carolina’s change in slave number, increased in regulation, and tensions between England and France. Whatever the reason may be, it caused a rally of 60 slaves to gather and raid a gun store, killing the owner. Slaves might’ve heard about the spanish advertisement and were running away to St. Augustine for their freedom and land. Another reason that the slaves revolted was because of South Carolina’s change in slave number. A fear arose in the white community that since the number of slave started to outnumber the number of slave owners, the slaves would soon revolt against them. Thirdly, the Stono Rebellion might have been caused by increased regulation. After the cotton gin was introduced, farmers planted more cotton and became even more dependent on slave labor. Since South Carolina was so dependant on slave labor, the demand for slaves rised. This made slaves run away and escape across the southernern border. Lastly, the Stono Rebellion was caused by tensions between England and France. All of these four reasons led to the cause of the Stono Rebellion.

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