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The Mexican Revolution became one of the most vicious political and social conflicts that took place in Mexico during the early 1900s. The amount of “back-stabbing (quite literally) that occurred between the main politicians who consisted of Porfirio Díaz, Francisco Madero, Victoriano Huerta, Venustiano Carranza, is what kept me engaged while learning about the revolution. All of the mayhem started when in November of 1910, the people of Mexico and its government had a cry for help to overthrow the thirty year dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz. The outcome was a country that nearly divided itself because of one man’s structure of government, Mexico’s society, economy, and government was never the same. My inevitable question is: Why didn’t the people of Mexico stand up to its own government earlier? Why did it take them 30 years to surpass the Revolution? And in the end, was this Revolution a good thing to happen to Mexico?When then eventual Revolution erupted, the president at the the time was Porfirio Díaz. Díaz, elected in 1877, said while under oath that he shall resign in 1880, but to everybody’s surprise, stayed in office and continued to be re-elected until 1910 (the Porfiriato time). He claimed that staying in office for thirty years past his initial term was justified because he brought “stability” to Mexico. Ironically, he seemed to be the only person who was able to come to that conclusion. One of  the main reasons for his lengthened term was the request to further industrialize Mexico by its allies, the United States and Britain. Consequently, instead of putting the people of Mexico first, his policies revolved around the importance of accommodating to the foreign allies, which, naturally angered the people of Mexico. Alongside these policies, there was even more controversy with the land policies Díaz idealized.  He passed a law allowing small and private investors to survey the land, which gave them control of more than 20% of Mexico’s land. The new policies expanded the hacienda field, which displaced many of the squatters who were inhabiting those areas. At the end of Porfiriato, approximately 95% of ALL villagers lost their land. The uprise of sugar plantations and haciendas triggered peasant protests against the Díaz regime, which were a major factor in the initiation and outcomes of the Mexican Revolution. Early in 1910, a man half of Diaz’s age coming from a landowning, rich family expressed his ideas to overthrow Porfirios presidency in the upcoming election. His name was Francisco Madero, who founded the Anti-Reelectionist Party (A Mexican political coalition that attempted to replace the dictatorship of Porfirio Díaz with a liberal democracy) Madero and Diaz shared similar ideologies, but unlike Diaz, Madero wished for the ‘Elites’ to help alongside the president. Porfirio thought that he had this election in the pocket like the previous seven, contrary to his beliefs, Madero campaigned and did it in such a way that was extremely effective. In fact, Diaz was in such disbelief that he sentenced Francisco Madero and 5,000 members of the Anti-Reelectionist movement to jail until he ultimately won the election. Madero’s father had a huge influence on the state governor at the time, which allowed Francisco to get a posted bond and on October 7 1910, galloped away from jail on a horse. Following his ‘escape’, he took shelter with supporters of his party in a nearby village. His sympathizers helped smuggle Madero over the United States border in an act to get the presidency back into his hands.  After crossing the U.S border, he found himself in San Antonio, Texas, and quickly announced his Plan of San Luis Potosí, briefly translated to “letter from jail.”

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