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The early years of an adolescent’s
life are believed to make a dramatic difference in the way they develop and go
on to learn throughout their whole life. Researchers have identified that they
are several parenting styles everyone grew up on. Parenting styles can be
diverse from country to country, and even from state to state. Parenting styles
play an essential role in the adulthood of an adolescent. In addition, there
have been numerous case studies showing that parenting styles can affect
adolescents social, mental, psychological growth, which affects them in their
younger years and as an adult (Batool & Bond, 2015). The reason, why is
because adolescents develop through a number of spurs, interactions, and
exchange, which all surround them. Parents are the ones who mostly partake in
an adolescent’s life and they are the ones who will influence their child in a
positive or negative way. This investigation will explore how parenting styles
and communication styles affect their child as an adolescent and as a grownup.
It will also focus on the ways that either too much mothering or too much
fathering might have an effect on the child later in its life. So, this
investigation is primarily interesting in what makes good parenting styles and
communication, and exactly how exactly parenting effect a child’s character.
The heightened focus in this area can potentially lead to revolutionary finds
on the development of children.


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The reason for discipline by
parents is to transmit values to adolescents and authoritarian parenting style
is about being strict and stern. The definition of Authoritarian parenting is a
style characterized by high demands and low responsiveness. Parents with an
authoritarian style have very high expectations of their adolescents, but yet
provide very little communication to their adolescents (Sharma, & Mittal,
2017). Authoritative parenting is more reasonable and is closely interact with
their adolescent, the definition for Authoritative parenting is a parenting
style that is child-centered, in that parents closely interact with their
children, while maintaining high expectations for behavior and
performance.  Authoritative “parents
insist on unquestioning obedience and enforce good behavior through parental
instruction and guidance is the moving force to a child’s upbringing; Enculturation
tactics could either be detrimental to one’s growth and progression or it can
lead to a positive development” (Sharma, & Mittal, 2017, p. 98). There is
no one defined way to raise an infant, but rather a vast array of manners.
Parental styles can be either authoritative or permissive, both of these have
an impact that will either attribute to one’s growth or their detriment. The
majority of the research on interactional view theory has been focused on
parental styles and parental communication. According to Watzlawick (2012), a
way to think of a family system is to “picture a family as a mobile suspended
from the ceiling”. And each figure is attached to the rest of the structure by
a strong thread tied at the exact right place to keep the system in balance.
Cut off a string and the force sends a shock wave throughout the whole network
system. Cut off another string and the whole family system tilts unsteadying.
The threads in the mobile analogy illustrate communication rules that hold a
family together. As reported by Watzlawick (2015) in order to fully understand
the movement of any figure in the family system, one has to investigate the
communication patterns within the family system.

that exercise authoritative methods enforce communication while providing
reasoning to their statements, which is an indicator of rational discipline.
(Sharma, & Mittal, 2017). This disciplinary methodology has consequently
led to a faster formation of identity diffusion. Identity diffusion refers to
the active process of an individual gradually obtaining a sense to who they are
based on their social identity and personality traits. However, with such
restrictive parenting, it inhibits a child ability to express their own
creative ways and their autonomy.

Strict Parenting and
their Affects

Authoritative parents value
obedience and conformity which habitually suppresses any creative outlet that
an individual may have.  Because there is
already imposed the idea of how a child must act, any deviation from that is
reprimanded. Constant punishment can lead children to purposely act off the
norm. Furthermore, permissive parents tend to give more freedom than is age
appropriate to a child. It is also believed that children of permissive parents
have open boundaries for their actions. So, young children are left on their
own attempts at learning culture appropriate values and behavior patterns
(Sharma, & Mittal, 2017). Regarding this, in adolescence, it could be
harder for the child to understand his or her feelings, thoughts, and

Parent Involvement

Parents involvement in a child’s
life plays a dramatic effect on not only how they view themselves, but also on
how they view their parents. There are many stages a child goes through before
developing into an adult. Children go through many stages, for example, their
first day of school, their first day of college and even their first job.
Children are our future educators, teachers, and leaders. That is why it is
very important that our children are taught everything they need to know in
order to become successful through their lives. Parents are known to be the
first natural educators for their children. 
Over the past decade, researchers have become increasingly concerned
with parental communication and involvement a parent has with their children.
The current idea of learning appears to be focused on building the entire child
through emotional, education, and social adjustment as opposed to just academic
development (Cheung, & Pomerantz, 2011). Adolescents transition out of the
home marks a movement toward adulthood (Burke, Ruppel, & Dinsmore, 2016).
Which adolescence moving to adulthood is improvised by increased independence
and self-regulation. When an adolescence transitions from living at home to
living on their own, they experience numerous challenges such as a new social
environment and new changes to their personal lives. Therefore, it is not
surprising that this transition can generate feelings of anxiety. Although
research illustrates that family communication patterns and the family
environment are similar to young adults’ psychological well-being, less
information is known about the link among parent-child relative maintenance and
young adult’s mental well-being (Burke, Ruppel, & Dinsmore, 2016).
Relational maintenance is generally studied within love and romance
relationships, but is also studied between parents and children. In addition,
studies suggested that expression of openness and assurances with a parent seem
to be the most beneficial to a child’s well-being (Burke, Ruppel, &
Dinsmore, 2016). These relatively confirming behavior appear to be remarkable
in distance relationships and during time adjustment. Furthermore, studies have
shown that children under greater stress who engage in less daily openness and
assurance with their parents were lonelier. Whereas lonely teens might blend
their stress and loneliness by not reaching out to their parents, teens who are
more driven to communicate openness and assurances with their parents seem to
experience less loneliness. However, what a parent chooses to disclose to their
child and the decision they keep from their child make openness harder for children.
In Addition, Financial and drinking behaviors are difficult for parents to discuss
with their children.

Parent child
Financial Disclosure

Parents worry about talking with
their children about finical insight and for their future well-being, but
children need financial insight for their future well-being. Parents play a
critical role in teaching their child about money. In addition, 27% of parents
have admitted that they would rather talk about sex or dating with their
children than talk about money (Thorson, & Horsman, 2014). Among those
families that do communicate about money found that individuals who tell
stronger social support systems are less likely to have credit card debt,
probably because of their ability to discuss financial habits with their
parents. It is extremely important that parents make wise decisions of their
actions, because these choices not only affect themselves but also affect their
child. Parents are vital to the development and growth of a child. And parents
who raise their child in an alcoholic home can have a big influence on the
child’s growth and future. There is growing evidence to support the claim that
parental alcoholism has consequences for physical health, emotional well-being,
behavioral adjustment for children (Richards, & Nelson, 2012). Furthermore,
studies found that teens who smoke and drink perceive their parents as less
authoritative then teens who do not.


The majority of the research on the
interactional view theory has been focused on parental styles and healthy
communication. There have been numerous studies done on how parental styles and
communication can affect a child’s adulthood. According to recent studies the habit
to disclose negative and, at time, inappropriate information’s to one’s child is
likely to increase as the infant ages into young adulthood and the animosity
and hate between parents increases, with repercussions that affect the health
and relational adjustment of parents and adolescence (Omar, & Schrodt,
2017). Although, there is no factual evidence that authoritarian or
authoritative parenting styles are better than one another. There is evidence
indicating that authoritarian parents who do exercise discipline and control
with their child make it more difficult for their child to learn their culture
appropriate values and behavior patterns (Sharma, & Mittal, 2017).
Furthermore, parents who apply discipline to their child noted diffusion within
their child. This being said studies have indicated that authoritative
parenting style has been found to be the most effective style that helps optimal
development of self-identity during adolescence. Parenting is a growing and continuous
process. Although, not every single type of parenting style will work in every
person household. Parents should continue to find ways to establish a parenting
style with warmth, support, and discipline. Adolescence is a stage of growth for
young children, therefore, children need their parents to help guide them into
the right direction and decision making.



















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