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Taejo Yi sung-gye found Joseon (July 1392 – August 1910) in 1392. The first invasion (1592–1593) is called the “Japanese  War of Imjin waeran” (imjin = water dragon).  The emperor of japan, Toyotomi Hideyoshi was in control when the war started. Korea suffered massive financial, cultural and structural destruction, including large decrease in the amount of land, destruction and confiscation of measure artifacts, artworks, and historical documents. (http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Taejo_of_Joseon)At that time, Toyotomi Hideyoshi had found peace in japan. Now he and his army wanted control over other lands and that “land” was Joseon (Korea).  Toyotomi Hideyoshi took almost 2,000 troops to Korea. Korea was not ready for a war. The king Sunjo desperately waited for the chinese to come for help. But they didn’t arrive in time so Korea lost tremendously by Hideyoshi’s army. Hideyoshi sent ambassadors to request the Joseon court to permit his army to proceed through Korea to China. His first request was shunned. After his second request, Hideyoshi hurled his soldiers against Korea in 1592. And that was the start of the long war. (http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Taejo_of_Joseon)A scholar named, Yu Seong-ryong feared  an invasion by Japan and  wanted to strengthen the army. He believed that all man, regardless of their dignity (including slaves), should be called to serve their country. He also argued for stronger castles. However, his proposals were ignored and the Korean court remained ignorant of the danger. Yu later became the prime minister of Korea, and one of Admiral Yi’s strongest administrators. (http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Taejo_of_Joseon)In 1592, when  Hideyoshi invaded Korea, Gwak began raising an army to defend Gyeongsang  from the invaders. Gwak Jae u raided Japanese supply  around the Nakdong River. Gwak won Korea’s first land victory of the war in the Battle of Uiryeong. When Ankokuji, a general of japan needed to cross the Nam River to reach Uiryeong, He had his men find the shallowest parts of the river and mark them with stakes. While Ankokuji’s army slept, Gwak’s men moved the stakes to deeper sections of the river. When the crossing began, the Japanese soldiers wondared in the deep water, and Gwak’s army attacked them with arrows. Japan suffered many losses, and was forced to abandon their attack on Uiryeong. The battle gave the Korean government respect for Gwak’s abilities, and he was placed in command of the Korean forces in and around Uiryeong. Gwak always wear his red battle uniform in battles. He was called “the man who came to earth with a red battle suit.” Also in 1952 the furious japanese attacked josun again. This time the general had brought over 2 million troops. The battle was long and fierce. The joseon army soon ran out of weapons, so they used boiling water. The battle took over days without rests, but joseon the generals, citizens and soldiers which fought together as a team had one the 1st Jinju battle. When the chinese fleet came on 1592 december, they lost tremendously by the japanese. This occasion made the Japanese fleet felt triumph, so they went to Hang- ju for more battles. General Gwanyul was arranging troops when he heard that over 3 million Japanese soldiers were coming so he quickly began gathering supplies. When most of the Japanese soldiers arrived they began a fierce fight. The Japanese soldiers were over 10 times larger than the joseon army. To help in the battle, women transported stones on their apron and also threw them when arrows ran out. Eventually the Japanese soldiers relinquished their weapons so all the mileage were Joseon’s.Yi Sun-sin was a Korean admiral and a national hero who saved Korea in sea wars. After passing the government tests to become an officer for the military in 1576, Yi served at various army and navy posts. Although he was twice discharged after being falsely accused by jealous rivals, in 1591 he was appointed commander of the naval forces in Left Cholla province, where he concentrated on training his men, stocking supplies, and progressing the Kobukson (turtle ship). The Kobukson is a ship that had been built but never used. Its upper deck was covered with armored plates to protect the crew. Spikes and knives were attached to the plates to avoid enemies from boarding. The ship’s bow was equipped with a dragon’s head where cannons could be fired and smoke could cover the ship’s position. Cannon and guns could also be fired from the sides of the ship. In the first battle, the result of Yi’s preparations, his forces, unlike most of the Korean army, were ready to be in action when the Japanese invaded in 1592. Yi’s victories on the southern coast effectively raided the Japanese troops in Korea, supplies and reinforcements. In 1593, Yi was given command of the entire Korean fleet, but in 1597 he was again falsely accused of disloyalty and was sent to prison. The Japanese then launched a second invasion and succeeded in destroying almost all of the Korean navy. Yi was called again as the commander of the few remaining ships and continued his undefeated battle record, soon restored Korea’s control of the seas. On 1597 september 16, when the japanese were crossing Myeongnyang, Yi sun shin and his soldiers 12 ships greeted 133 ships of Japan. When the battle started, the Joseon soldiers were very terror stricken because of japan’s ships but Yi sun shin emboldened them. Yi sun shin’s Flag ship pretended to run away and when the Japanese ships were very close, Joseon fired cannons at them. They had won again. In 1598 august a tremendous event occured. Hideyoshi died. As he died he said “Evacuate the soldiers from Joseon……” When Japan were crossing the Noryang strait, Yi sun shin thought this was the chance to demolish them. He quickly pursued them. The chinese admiral was not really skilled so he ordered his ship to go right into the enemy lines. But the japanese bombed their ships. So Yi plunged for help, letting the chinese escape. it would be fierce close duel, exactly the type of fight Yi had always tried to avoid. The ships were very cramped that soldiers began throwing burning sticks on the enemy’s decks. As Yi began to command he spotted three of the enemy’s admiral standing on the deck of a japanese ships criticizing his alleys and so Yi drew his bow and shot one of the general. There was tranquility as everybody looked to see where that arrow had come from. Then one of the japanese admirals declared that it was Yi. All the ships must attack Yi so all the japanese ships began approaching to Yi’s flagship. These people were the ones who scorched his home’s artifacts and alleys. No! Yi would have none of it. He beated the war drum fiercely. It looked like the god of war speeding towards the japanese. Thundering cannons were everywhere. But Yi was shot  by a stray bullet. Only his faithful servant, sun, and his nephew so it. They asked what they could do for him. Yi uttered with his last breath, “Keep beating the drum, we are about to win this war. Don’t tell anyone about my death.” His son picked up the mallet and began to sound the drum. The son and the nephew were acted like Yi and thinking what would he do. At the end, Korea had finally won. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=39Gsx6PaxiY)

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