Site Loader
Rock Street, San Francisco

Some people think that metaphors are not everyday, but  George Lackoff and Mark Johnson explain why and how they are everyday. In the book Metaphors We Live By, Lackoff and Johnson explain that to people metaphors are ” a device of the poetic imagination and rhetorical flourishment”-(pg. 3). This statement declares that the common society believes that metaphors in conversation are for people with an extreme understanding of the english language and use this understanding to their advantage in everyday conversations. They also concluded that the population’s perception of metaphors is thought to be a language within itself, which society then thinks they can go on into conversations without using or thinking of metaphors to incorporate into their conversations, or so they think.  Lackoff and Johnson’s Argument declares that people use metaphors in everyday conversations, whether we know it or not. The two professors state that because of conceptual system of thinking, we are not always aware of what we are actually saying in conversations. This is shown by their example in saying that “Argument is War”, they use this expression because it is a very interesting thought of winning or losing an argument based on metaphors that someone can use in a conversation. They conquer that we can go on the “offence” and “defence” in conversations all based on our situational awareness in a conversation and our understanding of our conceptual beliefs. This means that using metaphors in a conversation setting can further enhance your main points and statements in which you are trying to state in that conversation. Lackoff and Johnson further explain that using and understanding metaphors that we use in conversations reflect on our conceptual system of ideas and actions that use. Lastly they provided evidence that metaphors are a way to understand and explain complex and strange ideas that we can’t see or feel in our everyday lives. This means that metaphors can describe a situation from not only a different perspective, but also a deeper meaning.Based off of what Lackoff and Johnson concluded I had to agree with most of their arguments. I really understood how we don’t always know that we’re actually using metaphors in conversations. Our conceptual system of thinking allows us to use and understand common metaphors, otherwise known as poetic metaphors. I also think that metaphors provide a deeper meaning than just words that “roll” off the tongue. After analyzing what Lackoff and Johnson had to say about this idea of deeper meaning metaphors. I conquered by saying that if you look into detail with a specific metaphor, you’ll not only find just the words, but a relation to other forms of the meaning in different situations, tied to different emotions; all coming from just one simple metaphor. Comparing and contrasting ideas with our personal conceptual thinking, is what makes metaphors such an interesting form of the english language. Lackoff and Johnson’s ideas could be further related and  understood with picking metaphorical examples and analyzing them closely, because with metaphors there’s always more than meets the eye. Two examples of metaphors that I can relate to Lackoff and Johnson’s understanding of them, is by creating one metaphor regarding the feeling of academic reading and the other relating to the feeling towards non-academic reading. “Academic reading is a bowl of broccoli”, this metaphor describes how I feel when reading academic text and shows a lot more meaning than just the words. The first thing I think about is broccoli, and broccoli to me tastes bad, which can relate back to academic reading to me being uncomfortable or stressful. Broccoli was also used as a punishment for bad behavior, which can relate to teachers and professors forcing students to “absorb” the information from an academic text. Contrary to the statements regarding broccoli on a negative side, it can also be viewed as positive even though it doesn’t seem like it at the initial meaning of the metaphor. Broccoli is healthy and good for you, which can relate to academic texts being helpful and also healthy. Academic test can teach you how to build concrete fundamentals to further help you with your life and can also cause you to want to read, rather than being made to read. Lackoff and Johnsons statements on metaphors relate to my understanding and my metaphor by not only finding a deeper meaning within the metaphor, but finding a metaphor that is unique to me, due to my thoughts, actions, and emotions concerning the outside world.On the flip side of Academic text, there is non academic text and a metaphor that I have came up with is that “Non- Academic reading is fishing”.  The first initial thoughts of this metaphor may be fishing can be good and bad which is true. Non academic reading can be both fun and not fun at times, but there is so much beneath just that common understanding of this metaphor. Fishing to me is exciting, which relates to how I truly feel about reading. You can finns many “surprises” within a novel that make the whole exprience worth while. That being said the metaphor could entail the idea that you can catch “different kinds of fish, and go to different lakes/rivers to fish. This deeper meaning shows that I like the variety of non- academic reading, because it is reading what you want to read, rather than it being for someone else. Relating back to Lackoff and Johnson, this metaphor shows the layers of the meanings and also shows how it can be said to spark different reactions in a certain conversation that is happening at a certain time. Reinstating the fact that metaphors are just ideas of our conceptual visions and understandings that we most of the time don’t even realize it’s going on.After analyzing and inspecting the metaphors that i claim describe how I feel reagarding those subjects is correct and true. If I were to change one of them it would be describing the non- academic reading in a way to give listeners of my words a better understanding and more direct opinion, rather than being vague with one gigantic subject. That being said relating them to Lackoff and Johnson’s conclusions and statements made it easy to find a right metaphor for yourself to not only better your conceptual thinking, but rather your idea to maintain an intellectual conversation, with main concepts and ideas backed up with metaphors.

Post Author: admin


I'm Eunice!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out