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Rails for the garbage

Gaurav Sharma

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Electronics & Telecommunication Department

Army Institute of Technology

Pune, India







Abstract— Nowadays, due to
increasing pollution and hence increased human needs, we are producing many
unwanted or unusable materials. In this process a lot of waste is produced, and
so its management is getting difficult. There are many ways to manage the waste
and to treat it, to dispose it. But all the methods and ways involves human
interference at each step. This use of men/women is not good. Because human
intervention many times leads to time delay in the collection of waste. This
delay in such a work may lead to stagnation of waste leading to foul odor and
hence makes the environment unhealthy. Also many times it gives the shameful,
shy feeling to those who collects our garbage/waste. Here, this research can
surely come out as a helping hand. It not only makes the peoples free from such
a work, but this also becomes more effective in cleaning as it is technology

Keywords—dispose;technology reliable



The main concern of this idea is behind the health
of those people who collect waste and the producers of these waste products. As
the people who collect these waste are mostly unskilled and uneducated so they
have no awareness about how even a little time of exposure to the garbage can
affect their health so it becomes our duty to take some step for this so that
there prevails good health among ourselves. The other concern behind this idea is
timely execution of disposal of waste as it can again be threat to the health
of those who are living around its surroundings i.e. the producers of waste,
this happens because of human intervention in disposal of waste as when a laborer
gets ill he/she cannot do the work so the disposal of waste gets delayed and
this can cause health issues to the people who live surrounding the waste. The proposed
idea is best for multistoried apartments and hostels and by this idea the human
intervention is decreased to its best. Many steps were taken in order to make
disposal of waste eco-friendly. But no initiative has been taken in making the
work easy from the starting point. There are so many technovations which
generally focuses on waste disposal. So, this research work can prove to be
very useful, and viable to most part of the society.


collection of waste with rail  


Nowadays, it is found that in tall, multistoried buildings
large number of dustbins are used, and to collect garbage from those




bins to one common bin requires a number of peoples


The waste collection can also be done without the
human intervention or by decreasing it to a great extent. Main concept which
will work here is by using a common passage for a multistoried building. This
passage is a vertical hollow cylindrical pipe of suitable diameter according to
the daily waste produced. On each floor there will be one inlet made into the
pipe for throwing the waste from each floor. The inlet mechanism here works via
push push switch. If the switch is pushed once the inlet opens then throw your
garbage and when that switch is again pressed it closes the inlet. Now this
thrown waste is collected in the bigger bin or trolley kept beneath the common
passage. This trolley has sensors and microcontrollers with the use of
ultrasonic. When this trolley gets full its motor gets started and then the
waste is carried to the main bin kept outside. During this time when the
trolley has gone to the main bin another trolley comes below the common passage
of waste and collects the waste. In the main bin. There is one system to check
if the bin is empty or full. Here also some sensors and microcontrollers are
used with ultrasonic. With the help of ultrasonic and sensor the level of waste
in bin is checked. When the bin gets full, the microcontroller is coded to send
an alert message to the municipal authority to collect that main bin. If the
bin is empty then it is allowed to deposit the waste in this main bin from

Now the placement of this passage is a bigger
concern. Depending on the type of building it can be installed in the suitable
place. But this passage will decide how to carry this trolley to the outer
bigger bin. If the passage for the garbage is in the center of building, then an
underground pathway is needed to be made till trolley doesn’t comes out of the
building. After that the rails can be laid above the earth to reach bigger bin.
But if the passage is placed in one corner or in the side of the building then
no underground construction is required. Only laying the rails above the earth
surface will fulfill the requirement. 

Advantages of this concept are

a) It provides a smart way to manage waste. b) Avoiding
human intervention and efforts to a great extent. c) Cleaning of the waste will
be very regular as no human intervention is there, so work will be fast and
efficient. d) Resulting in healthy and waste ridden surrounding. e) It is also
economically feasible and it only needs the installing expenses instead of
paying the workers on monthly basis which will cost much higher. f) Environment
and surrounding will look clean and good as number of dustbins are now reduced.

Disadvantage of this concept can be that it will
create unemployment. But getting jobs from these type of work is far better
than remaining unemployed. After all health is the biggest wealth.




Fig.01 Algorithm showing all the process of waste




Waste reaches the trolley
kept below

waste in passage from inlet











of level of waste in trolley

waste level in bin <=20cm from boundary of bin Continue depositing waste                                                NO                                                        YES Check main bin for waste level Send this trolley to main bin If waste level in main bin <=30cm from boundary of bin   Continue collecting the waste from trolley                                                            NO                         YES   Microcontroller is enabled to give an alert to municipality Municipal Corporation is then responsible for proper disposable of waste                                                  Fig. 02. Pictorial representation of collection of waste                                                                                                                           III.        OTHER EXISTING TECHNOLOGIES   1) IOT based smart garbage alert system using Arduino UNO:   This concept proposed a smart alert system for garbage clearance by giving an alert signal to the municipal web server for instant cleaning of dustbin with proper verification based on level of garbage filling.It is also working well within the domain of society in cleaning purpose. This process is aided by the ultrasonic sensor which is interfaced with Arduino UNO to check the level of garbage filled in the dustbin and sends the alert to the municipal web server once if garbage is filled. After cleaning the dustbin, the driver confirms the task of emptying the garbage with the aid of RFID Tag. RFID is a computing technology that is used for verification process and in addition, it also enhances the smart garbage alert system by providing automatic identification of garbage filled in the dustbin and sends the status of clean-up to the server affirming that the work is done. Essentially, RFID provides a grand way to read digital information from one or several objects with the aid of a reader at proximity of the objects. This in turn enables automatic identification, tracking, checking of properties. The whole process is upheld by an embedded module integrated with RFID and IOT Facilitation. The real time status of how waste collection is being done could be monitored and followed up by the municipality authority with the aid of this system. An Android application is developed and linked to a web server to intimate the alerts from the microcontroller to the urban office and to perform the remote monitoring of the cleaning process, done by the workers, thereby reducing the manual process of monitoring and verification. The notifications are sent to the Android application using Wi-Fi module.   2) Smart waste management system using GSM and GPS technology:    The bin with ultrasonic sensor, PIC controller, GSM and GPS will notify the coordinate and bin status to the database. Here GSM is user to communicate with the server, which will contain the SIM with the basic speed internet. The ultrasonic sensor which uses ultrasonic waves will check the bin status. The PIC controller board is used to control ultrasonic sensor, GSM and GPS. The server will maintain the details of the unfilled bins, filled bins and authority registration. Whenever the normal user or authorized bin collect or request from the database the information will be given to them. The information to the normal user is about the nearest unfilled bin and authorized person will be given the coordinated of the filled bins. The user end will contain the android app which works on android compatible phone. There will be two separate buttons for user and authority. The user will notify the unfilled nearest bin with path and authorized person will be notified by the filled bins with path. The working is as follows, User inserts trash into the bin, Bin checks for threshold level, Bin sends the status and coordinates to the Control center on reaching the appropriate level, Control center uses the coordinates sent by multiple Bins and provides an optimal path to the garbage vehicle, The bin if emptied by the vehicle, a notification is sent by it to Control center. This helps in easy monitoring.   3) Ecofriendly approach of urban solid waste management: a case study of Jalgaon city, Maharashtra   In India, methods used for waste management are very old and traditional and hence not so feasible and economic. These practices are associated with degradation of the urban environment. Hence, an environmentally sound garbage management system is required for the urban waste management.   The concept of waste minimization needs to be adopted in such systems. It is possible to implement certain corrective measures at small steps like collection, storage, transport and disposal of urban solid waste to minimize the adverse impacts on the environment. The present researches are emphasized on generation, characterization and ecofriendly disposal of solid waste generated in Jalgaon city, Maharashtra. Many surveys are being done on various income groups of the city. The per capita waste generation was studied by sampling the waste directly from the source of generation. The study reveals that the waste generation is large in the high-income group followed by middle and low-income group public. Further the study was also done to characterize the waste into various categories. The data generated will help to develop environmentally sound and economically feasible solid waste management system for the city.   IV.CONCLUSIONS   It may be observed that this concept of collecting wastes and the existing technologies behind the same motive is totally different. Because some innovations are done to make the work easy at later stages and no one thought of the health of those peoples who compromises for their own health and contributes to keep the environment and surroundings clean and green. Also if this concept is implemented it will be very feasible as the expenses are done only while doing the installing work. Later, no bigger expenses will be done, only the maintenance is needed. If installing work is done in a good manner then it is also possible that the system works for years without any fault and disturbance.   ACKNOWLEDGMENTS   Author acknowledge management of Army institute of Technology, Pune for providing research facilities and time. Author will like to thank seniors and friends for help and to complete this research work.   REFERENCES   1 2 3 4     Various studies regarding waste management                                                                                                                            

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