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Photography becomes so much easier when the lighting conditions are in your favor. However, if you’ve ever tried taking images in low light then you would understand the difficulty intake good images in low light conditions. Luckily, we have a plethora of options in this digital photography world that we can toy around with for a perfect output.We often get asked on how to take good images in low light conditions, one simple answer would be to turn on the flash, but this isn’t always a feasible option as it could be very distracting for the subject and it would also create a color imbalance in some cases. Camera’s these days have several options that we could use to get a better image in low light conditions. However, like everything, even these features have advantages and disadvantages like the flip of a coin.Using a flash is helpful?Although flash is one of the best go to for the problem, it could cause a flattening effect on the image and result in compression of the depth in your images, this can be avoided to an extent by understanding the way light falls on the subject and its surroundings and making slight changes to the angles and distance.Credits: Trent YarnellISO – How does it help?However, a more advanced approach to the same issue would be to modify the ISO which is possible even in most smartphone cameras these days, ISO is layman terms could be understood as the amount of sensitivity of light falling on the sensor and it can create huge differences in the way images are produced.Settings ISO too high can increase the sensitivity of the sensor, however, the biggest let-down of this is the fact that setting the ISO sensitivity to high has the potential to slightly degrade the image quality with some digital noise. A higher ISO allows you to take better images in low light situations at the cost of some noise which can be reduced to a great extent using software like Noise Ninja. To change the ISO settings, you might have to go the pro mode in some cameras and then select ISO to change it.Exposure changes – A good modificationThe other way of increasing the light intake is to change the exposure compensation, in smartphones, this can be easily modified. To change the exposure compensation in most phones, tap on the subject to focus and then slide the ring to change the exposure compensation.Shutter speed with stabilityThe last retort is to reduce the shutter speed to a slower rate. Shutter speed is the time the shutter remains open to capture light once you hit the capture button. This option is not found on every phone, a few phones have a pro mode in which you can adjust the shutter speed. Set the shutter speed to something lower and let the lens be open for longer to take in more amount light. The disadvantage of this is that with a higher shutter speed, there are more chances of having noticeable shakes being captured in the image. If you want to change the shutter speed make sure you have stable hands and the subject isn’t moving, if these conditions are not favorable then we suggest you modify the ISO instead.We also suggest you shoot in RAW format whenever possible, Android Lollipop introduced support for RAW capture which captures much more details and doesn’t remove the same in compression unlike as in the case of JPEG format. This helps you customize the image better with a lesser loss in the image quality and then export it for sharing. When you shoot in RAW you can change the ISO and few other color settings with a lesser loss of the overall quality.Most smartphones have a PRO mode which gives you a complete control over the camera, however, if your smartphone camera application is not very useful, then you can install the Camera FV-5 app from the Play Store that gives you a complete control over the camera settings letting you customize to the requirement.

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