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In the Greek play Antigone, King Creon’s desire for power precipitated his demise. He challenged the gods with his decree: no one shall bury Polyneices. This only angered the gods and prompted his tragic destiny. Since the ancient Greek times, authors like Sophocles employed literary devices to impart virtuous themes and messages. Through the play Antigone, Sophocles emphasises the message: hubris will lead to disastrous consequences and cause one’s downfall through diction, tone, and figurative language.
Sophocles illustrates the development of King Creon throughout the play using Creon’s changes in diction. Creon’s state of the union speech starts with “I have the honor to inform you” (page 196) and is followed with several “I”s: a manifestation of self-interest. The utilisation of “my country,” “governor,” and “command” demonstrate his imposition of power onto the people of Thebes. The king’s syntax is predominantly made up of declarative sentences: allowing no one to question his authority. Additionally, his lack of compassion and short temper is evident through his syntax. To further substantiate his procrustean trait, Creon declares “The State is the King!” (page 221). This line demonstrates the king’s obsession with power for himself; his transformation to a diabolical despot is accentuated. Creon’s ideology that he is more superior than the gods lead to his demise; his assertion that his decree must be followed first before the law of the gods.
Meanwhile, Creon’s closing remarks have a melancholy tone compared to his olympian beginning. He has finally recognised his pride took over him when both his wife and son died because of his actions. He acknowledges his irrational decisions: “I have been rash and foolish… Fate has brought all my pride to a thought of dust.” (page 244-245) His word choice is downhearted and gloomy as he encounters a tragic happening: death of his family. At this point, Sophocles establishes that Creon is the tragic hero whose judgement lead to several fatal results. Creon’s hubris blinds him and causes his downfall. The choragos concludes the play Antigone with “There is no happiness where there is no wisdom; no wisdom but in submission to the gods” which is align to Creon’s situation. The quote’s underlying message is humans can obtain true happiness through the submission to the wills of the gods.
By using symbolism, metaphor, and imagery, Sophocles further shows that hubris leads to one’s downfall. The vault in which Creon locked Antigone in, can also represent Creon’s confinement. His pride has dominated his rationality and logic. The vault is where Antigone died and Creon’s “vault” lead to his confinement to his pride. Moreover, the chorus compares all the misfortunes as a storm: “roaring wind from Thrace… its bears up from below a thick, dark cloud of mud” (lines 589 and 591-592). The storm in the play Antigone is created from Creon’s prideful decree and creates an imbalance in Thebes. The death of Haemon, Antigone, and Eurydice serve as atonements to restore order.  In addition, Creon compares the news of the death of his son, Haimon, as though “surely a god has crushed me beneath the hugest weight of heaven.”(page 242) This comparison helps reader visualise Creon’s anguish and sorrows felt when he realises all of the incidents, like the suicides of his family, could have been avoided. 
Creon’s delayed epiphany results in to the death of many. Utilising literary devices like diction, imagery, and tone, Sophocles imparts to his readers that hubris instigates one’s decline. The literary devices emphasise the message by vividly describing the situations, Creon’s persona, and Creon’s feelings. Although Antigone is ancient literature, it communicates principal trait such as humility and docility. Despite influence and power, one can apply these traits to everyday life by accepting mistakes and correcting them.

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