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OxyContin is an oral prescription painkiller prescribed to help patients manage pain from cases such as dental procedures, minor injuries, cancer patients, and women post-childbirth. It moderates pain by binding opiate receptors to nerves in the brain, leaving patients with a euphoric feeling that induces sleep, drowsiness, and dulled senses. OxyContin has a time-releasing coating to prolong pain relief, but when abused, it can be crushed, dissolved and injected to create and immediate high and rush of euphoria. A steep rise in abuse has escalated in the past decade for teens and college students, making it a majorly abused drug.         OxyContin was first synthesized as “Eukodal” by the University of Frankfurt, Germany, in 1916. It was promoted as a non-addictive replacement for over the counter narcotics banned, and was introduced to United States in 1939. The drug earned the trade name “Percodan” and became widely known in the 1950’s, which led to problems with abuse throughout the sixties. In 1966, the pharmaceutical company Pharma Purdue brought the new time-release formula to the market, giving the drug it’s long term pain relief affect. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved OxyContin in 1976. In 2001 it was the best-selling narcotic pain reliever in America, and in 2010, as an attempt to keep the drug from being abused, a tamper resistant formula was created so that the drug would dissolve when crushed. But, despite the efforts to lower the abuse of OxyContin, many still find a way around the formula.           Because of its time release formula, OxyContin- when taken properly- does not have mind-altering or immediate affects. The time release formula is created to make the effects last over a long period in healthy amounts to eliminate pain. But, when abused, it can be crushed and snorted or injected. When the time-release formula is destroyed, it creates an immediate high and an intense rush of euphoria. The drug creates a pain and anxiety free state, and helps to eliminate any unhappiness in the person who has taken it. Although it creates an immediate high and euphoric feeling, the initial effects have consequences.         Typically, the long-term effects of OxyContin are similar to the short-term effects. When a patient properly takes the drug, it relieves pain and creates an improved sense of well-being. It also induces drowsiness/dizziness, a mellow mood and less energy. When abused, after the high and euphoric rush, generates a dream-like state of drowsiness. Once the after effects wear off, the abuser’s energy drains and they feel a sense of unease from the pain that comes back after they take the drug.         OxyContin is a prescription painkiller, intended for medical uses for patients experiencing pain or discomfort.         Taking OxyContin may cause infertility or miscarriages in pregnant women, but the drugs do not only affect the mother- they affect her child as well. The child could develop respiratory problems, congenital heart defects, Spina Bifida, Hydrocephaly, Glaucoma, or Gastroschisis. In addition to the physical birth defects, a child born from a mother who abuses OxyContin- or almost any drug- can experience painful withdrawal during their first few weeks of life. Doctors warn mothers abusing drugs that health problems are likely to emerge later in the child’s life.        

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