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Until the 1980s India was caught in a time warp, when all
its products and services were spartan, outdated and utilitarian, drab and run
down – maroon dabbas on the rails. It was only after the liberalization of the
economy in 1991 that the masses of this country were finally introduced to
quality and aesthetics, to glitz, glam, smooth lines and perfect finishing, as
opposed to everything that existed until then. All this was contributed
by the private sector. the government continued to be in its
socialism-induced stasis, which is evident by the stark contrast between
the today’s corporate buildings, cars, buses, airports and our trains and
stations and other government buildings.

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 we are unable to run conventional train services
properly are detrimental to efforts to modernize rail transport, which is long

explosion in passenger numbers severely burdened the aging railway system,
which had been constructed to a fairly low standard. As a result,
accidents have not been uncommon. It’s overcrowded, dirty and outdated and observers say
successive governments, unwilling to take bold steps to address its long list
of problems, have hampered the growth and development of Asia’s oldest rail
network. Over 40% of accidents occurred because of railway staff failure,
according to a 2012 government panel report. It also noted that between 2006
and 2011 a rising number of accidents were due to sabotage. Although governments in the past have “attempted” to modernise
the Indian Railways, it is sad that India is still far away from a high-speed rail




has been one of the biggest concerns in the Indian Railways system. While the
number of accidents have gone down over the last few years, the number still
remains over 100 accidents a year. In light of the recent train accidents in
Uttar Pradesh (UP), we present some details around accidents and safety in the
Indian Railways.

number of rail accidents has declined from 325 in 2003-04 to 106 in 2015-16.1 The number of rail
accidents as per the cause are shown in the graph below. In 2015-16, majority
of the accidents were caused due to derailments (60%), followed by accidents at
level crossings (33%).1 In the last decade, accidents caused due to both these
causes have reduced by about half. According to news reports, the recent
railway accidents in UP were caused due to derailment of coaches.

have a here-and-now problem around safety. The recent spate of railway
accidents has resulted in the death of close to 200 people. Statistics on the
Indian Railways’ website indicate that thousands of people die every year due
to other reasons—level crossing, over-crowding in trains, etc. Accidents in railways may or may not have a significant
impact on the overall system. Consequential train accidents are those which
have serious repercussions in terms of loss of human life or injury, damage to
railway property or interruption to rail traffic. These include collisions,
derailments, fire in trains, and similar accidents that have serious
repercussions in terms of casualties and damage to property. These exclude
cases of trespassing at unmanned railway crossings.

seen in the figure below, the share of failure of railways staff is the biggest
cause of consequential rail accidents. The number of rail accidents due to
failure of reasons other than the railway staff (sabotage) has increased in the
last few years. undue burden on the existing
infrastructure leading to severe congestion and safety compromises.2 Since
independence, while the rail network has increased by 23%, passenger and
freight traffic over this network has increased by 1,344% and 1,642%
respectively.2 This suggests that railway lines are severely congested



1. Privatization will lead to
healthy competition among various operators and would in turn lead to better
services for the public.

 2. Government can cut its already strained
cash flow budget on train operations and focus on just maintaining the

 3. Privatization will also help government
raise funds through taxes and other in­train services offered by IRCTC already.

 4. Quality of train coaches and facilities may
improve due to the competition among various operators.

5.Corruption under control

Privatisation in railways is a necessity now as
it will help control corruption in the sector which will eventually increase
productivity and thus improve the profits. This can also ensure control the
prize hike and keeping the rail fares under check.


Better infrastructure

He also said that Railway stations in metros and important
cities would be the priority of the government.


Win-win situation

This would be a win-win situation project and we
want to move ahead in this direction in the coming days,” he said.

Ensuring privatization is believed to prove as a
boon for the Railways. If handled judiciously it can help in improving the
condition of one of the largest railway networks.


 You will get innovative technologies like Bio
toilets , alert mechanism for each stopping, speedy trains , clean A/C coaches
, punctuality and more over good profit with increased service and government
can get more tax.




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