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National livestock mission (NLM): A
centrally sponsored scheme under the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying
and Fisheries (Ministry of Agriculture), The National Livestock Mission is
comprised of four sub missions one of which is Livestock Development. Under
this credit based scheme, subsidy is provided for development of livestock to
farmers. NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) is the
subsidy channelizing agency under this Sub Mission of Livestock Development.
The mission is an attempt to promote livestock, pig development, feed &
fodder development and skill development, technology transfer and extension as

2. National dairy plan phase I (NDP I): The
National Dairy Plan Phase I, a centrally sponsored scheme for the period of
2011-12 to 2018-19 aims at carrying out projects in the participating states to
provide technical and implementation support to the states. Through a credit
based system, funding be provided to the eligible implementing agencies through
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF) to the National
Dairy Development Board (NDDB). With the International Development Association
(IDA) being the nodal funding agency, the scheme is planned to increase
productivity of milch animals, increasing milk production to meet the growing
demand for milk. Helping rural milk producers’ access organized milk processing
sector is another objective with which the scheme has been planned

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3. National programme for bovine breeding
& dairy development (NPBBDD): The
programme, being implemented since the 12th five year plan of the country aims
to improve the bovine breeding and dairy services of the country. Managed by
the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DAHD), the
programme provides funds to farmers through the infrastructure of the State
Livestock Development Board, State Animal Husbandry Departments, State Milk
Federations and other supporting NGOs and universities/colleges. The programme
aims to not just assist farmers in quality insemination services and inputs in
breeding but the dairy arm of the programme, aims to strengthen the
insfrastructure of quality milk through cold chain. It also aims to create and
improve infrastructure for procurement, training for dairy farmers, strengthen
dairy cooperatives, increase milk production through technical inputs to dairy
farmers, along with rehabilitation of potentially viable milk

4. Livestock insurance: As
a centrally sponsored scheme, this has been one of the old schemes which helps
ensure insurance of high yielding cattle and buffaloes at the maximum of their
current price. The premium of the scheme being subsidized to 50%, the entire
cost of subsidy is borne by the Central Government. Provided maximum for 2
animals per beneficiary for a maximum of three years, this scheme becomes very
critical when dealing with diseased cattle. Implemented through the State
Livestock Development Boards, the objective remains to provide protection
mechanisms to the farmers and cattle rearers against any eventual loss due to
death of animals, demonstrating the benefit of insurance of livestock,
ultimately improving livestock health and better products.

5. Intensive dairy development programme
(IDDP): As a centrally sponsored scheme, the
programme was launched in backward, hilly and Non-Operation Flood regions in
order to ensure proper care and support of technical services to the dairy
farmers in these locations. It also aimed at providing employment opportunities
to the local population through dairy farming along with indirectly affecting
the social, nutritional and economic status of the families

6. Livestock health and disease control (LH & DC): In
order to control emerging and exotic diseases, the Livestock Health and Disease
Control, the centrally sponsored scheme was launched in the 12th Five year plan
of the government of India. The scheme helps collect, compile and disseminate
monthly animal disease status in order to help the States control the spread of
diseases. Certain diseases like the Rinderpest, Foot & Mouth Disease,
Brucellosis, Classical Swine Fever etc come specially under the scheme as a
separate component owing to the seriousness of the disease in livestock. Under
this vaccination and awareness component play crucial roles at the ground
level. The scheme is also responsible for establishment of Veterinary Council
of India at Center and State Veterinary Councils. For further information about
the scheme:

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