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            In 1984 by George Orwell, the
government uses manipulation and fear to control over its people. The book
shows dangers of government control.  There
are examples of manipulation and fear through propaganda, war, and the
re-writing of history. Propaganda is used to control the people, war is used to
keep the public in constant fear, and the re-writing of history is used to manipulate
the truth.            Propaganda is used to keep the
public controlled. Propaganda is biased information used to support a political
cause. In the book, telescreens were often used to display propaganda. Two
Minutes Hate is a program regularly broadcasted on the telescreens, and
everyone stops what they’re doing to participate. The program generally gets
the viewers enraged. Winston describes the feeling as ”a hideous ecstasy of
fear and vindictiveness, a desire to kill, to torture, to smash faces in with a
sledge-hammer, seemed to flow through the whole group of people like an electric
current, turning one even against one’s will into a grimacing, screaming
lunatic” (Orwell 16). At the end of the broadcast, Goldstein’s face is
replaced by Big Brother and the three slogans, “WAR IS PEACE. FREEDOM IS
SLAVERY. IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH” (Orwell 4). This comforts the citizens and makes
them loyal to the party. Due to the telescreens constantly transmitting
propaganda, citizens are unable to formulate thoughts of rebellion against the
government.             War was constantly promoted
throughout the book. Oceania was always at war to the point where the people
could not remember a time that they weren’t at war. Winston could not
definitely remember a time when his country had not been at war, but it was
evident that there had been a fairly long interval of peace during his
childhood because one of his early memories was of an air raid, which appeared
to take everyone by surprise. Perhaps it was the time when the atomic bomb had
fallen on Colchester. He did not remember the raid itself” (Orwell 32). In that
quote, Winston was uncertain of a time when Oceania was not at war with
someone. The war against Eurasia was planned
to happen to ensure that Big Brother had the ultimate power
of making Oceania a totalitarian state. War was a necessary factor in a
totalitarian state. This leaves the citizens in constant fear which makes them
basically surrender themselves to the control of the party.              Winston Smith, the main character of the
novel, worked at the Ministry of Truth. His job was to manipulate historical
accounts and make sure that they match the current truth defined by the Party.
He later realized that the Party is running a campaign of false information
when he remembers that Oceania hasn’t always been at war with Eurasia. “Oceania was at war with Eurasia and in alliance
with Eastasia. In no public or private utterance was it ever admitted that the
three powers had at any time been grouped along different lines. Actually, as
Winston well knew, it was only four years since Oceania had been at war with
Eastasia and in alliance with Eurasia” (Orwell 34).  The Party has no worries about altering
history because such a practice is allowed by the Party slogan. “Who
controls the past controls the future: who controls the present controls the
past” (Orwell 248)             In conclusion, the government used
manipulation and fear to control the people of Oceania.  There are examples of manipulation and fear
through propaganda, war, and the re-writing of history throughout the book. Propaganda
is used to control the people, war is used to keep the public in constant fear,
and the re-writing of history is used to manipulate the truth. The use of
telescreens to display propaganda, war to keep the people in constant fear, and
the re-writing of history were all methods used to control the citizens so the
Party remained in control of the people at all times.

 

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