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In the criminal justice system, individuals and the roles they
play must work together with a purpose. With every role, victimization is also
a consideration. One of the main goals of the criminal justice system and the
ones that work within is to make sure that justice is served and that
victimization is reduced. Every person that works in the system must consider
the purpose of sentencing and if any alternative sentence if available, and
evaluate the victim’s rights.

The main purpose of the prosecutor is to develop the case against
the defendant. The prosecutor works with the investigator to gather evidence
for the case, prepares the witness statements, and put forward the
prosecutorial arguments of fact in the case to the judge and jury. The
prosecutor must show proof, that the defendant is in fact guilty beyond all
reasonable doubt.

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The main purpose of the defense attorney is to be the defendant’s
advocate, throughout the entire trial process of pre-trial, trial, and the
sentencing portions of the criminal justice proceedings. The duties of the
defense attorney is to build the defendant case in an attempt to prove that the
defendant is innocent or to uncover factors that may be in favor of the
defendant to justify why they did what they did.

The role of the criminal is to work with their defense attorney in
order to defend themselves against the prosecution’s arguments against them.
The criminal depends on their defense attorney to dispute the facts involved in
the case, and to present the lack of accountability by the accused. The
criminal may also have to consider plea-bargaining in their case; that could be
in their best interest depending on what evidence is presented.

The role of the victim has very little to do with the process in
the preparation of the trial. The victim collaborates closely with law
enforcement, and the prosecuting attorney to convey the aspects on their role
in the case, and in what way they feel the defendant victimized them. the
victim can also be called upon to present their testimony during trial. The
victim plays the biggest part in the criminal justice system because he or she
can be the first person that is looking for justice to be served.

Victimization is an individual that suffers from some sort of
direct threat, psychological, financial or the threat of physical violence that
is the result of a crime being carried out (Schmalleger & Hall, 2014,).
Victimization is something that is individualistic, this means that a way that
affects people can vary from one person to the next through the process of the
system. Prosecuting attorneys have to be conscious of the level of
victimization that develops in any given case. In most cases, the victim’s
demand that justice is done and they count on the prosecutor that justice is
done. The prosecutors have the job to balance the case at hand by making the
defendant accountable, keeping the length of time and money as low as possible
in trails and making sure that the defendant gets compensated. A important
thought is that the prosecutor has the tendency of victims not to cooperate.
Insufficient cooperation of the victim can affect in a negative way to the
prosecutions case against the defendant. When it come to the victim domestic
violence this can be true. Victims of domestic violence are prone to not
participating in the conviction of the offender (“Ncjrs”, 2005).

The defense attorney might have two considerations when they
develop their case on behalf of the accused. There is no doubt that the defense
attorney may consider the victims involvement in the case and what effect may
the case may have. Also, the defense attorney has to think about their clients
as the victims of the law enforcement, if the defense sees issues with the
arrest and the prosecution.

When it comes to the criminal, or the accused in a case, without
doubt they may think about two things in relation of the victim. The criminal
might feel regret for what they have done and the effects of their action that
they caused on the victim. Although, the criminal might feel that the victim
actually deserve what they did to them, for that reason the criminal may not
have sympathy towards the victim. The criminal might also feel that he or she
is being the victims of the criminal justice system, and could result in more
sensitivity towards the victim. These thoughts in the criminal’s mind could
help criminals take on more accountability. The Victims can develop feelings of
insecurity and may be unable to have a normal life in society for a period of
time. Essentially, the fear of crime can have adverse effects on the social
lives of victims that is the result of anxiety, therefore reducing their
chances of enjoying any activities outside of home life (Weinrath &
Gartrell, 1996).

Prosecutors are in charge of proving evidence that defendants are
in fact guilty beyond all reasonable doubt. Also, the prosecutors have the
decision in the recommendation of the sentencing, and they make sure that the criminals
are accountable for their actions. The duties of the prosecutor attorneys is to
make sure that the criminal do deserve the punishment they were set by the
state.. This also suggests that punishments should be applicable to the nature
of the crime(s) committed (Schmalleger & Hall, 2014, ).

In many cases defense attorneys builds a relationship with their
clients, the reason this happens is because they spend many hours between the
defense attorney and the defendant discussing details of their life. It is the
best interest of the defense attorney to bring the nest result for the

The goal of sentencing is to make sure that punishment is
acquired, but most importantly they are rehabilitated and that they do not
present a threat to the community. criminals need to move forward and be
productive members of their society. Criminals are tasked with providing
compensation to victims, taking responsibility for their crime(s), and being
accountable for what they have done (Schmalleger & Hall, 2014, ).

The victim’s role is to feel complete again. a criminal act
against them can have a negative impact on them that it can change them for a
very long time. The victim often wants the offender to be punished and to be
put in jail for the acts committed against him or her, so that the defendant is
not a treat to them or to society. The purpose behind retribution can be seen
as “revenge” against the offender by obtaining punishment that can provide
satisfaction to society and to the victim(s) or survivors (Wilson, 1983).

Alternative sanctions are an inventive means of making sure
justice is seen, offenders are held accountable, and resources are distributed
evenly. Among the most commonly used alternative sanctions are those of
suspended sentences, probation, fines, restitution, community service, deferred
adjudication, intensive supervision, and home confinement
(“Findlaw”, 2016). In relation to juveniles, alternative
sanctions can be things such as a split sentence that requires brief
confinement, followed by a probationary period. The goal with this is
deterrence in order to avoid or deter any future criminality for fear of being

Over the years, the rights that victims have; has increased quite
a bit. Substantial consideration is being paid to the victims of crime, helping
to ensure that justice is done. One way victims’ rights could be improved upon
is to expand victim rights advocates within neighborhoods. Expansion of these
advocates will help to give a voice to the victims of violent crimes. Just
someone being there to hear their voice, will inspire victims to speak about
the crimes committed against them, and get the support they need.


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