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Immigration in the United States today is an immense issue. As of 2017, Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) estimates the number of illegal aliens in the US to be approximately 12.5 million. FAIR defines an “illegal alien” as anyone who entered the United States without authorization, or anyone who unlawfully remains once their authorization has expired. The states with the most immigration problems are, of course, the ones closest to the Mexican border. The 10 states closest to the Mexican border make up almost three-fourths of the national total. The most common issues today with illegal immigration are the crimes committed and the government funding/assistance given. This year alone there has been over 20 serious crimes committed by illegal aliens, all resulting in deportation. Most of the crimes committed were murders and drug smuggling into the United States. At the federal, state, and local levels, taxpayers pay approximately $134.9 billion to cover the costs incurred by the presence of more than 12.5 million illegal aliens. Although most illegal immigrants are not elidable for most major federally-funded programs. Undocumented immigrants cannot receive Social Security benefits even if they contribute to it. All of this concludes that the undocumented immigrant’s place on the government benefits programs is small. The number of low-income illegal immigrants is small compared to the size of the whole low-income population. Enforcement in the effort for illegal immigrants will be less likely to be able to get access to public programs funded by the government. Illegal immigration has been a problem that has overwhelmed the United States for many years. This issue is not new to the country because millions of immigrants have crossed over the oceans and Mexican border since our country was started. The primary problem is the lack of accommodation to the American ways of life and the acceptance of existing rules and laws. With the already weak economy and the substantial growing unemployment rate Americans need to make every effort to close its borders to undocumented workers to ease the strain and retain any available jobs for unemployed Americans and legal workers. Aviva Chomsky writes “immigration plays a much more complex role in the employment picture, and many different factors affecting employment and unemployment.” (4). Chomsky so on to say, “it indeed seems to be the case that immigrants and low-skilled citizens are competing for the same jobs” (11). Hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants come into the country and start working either under illegal names or take agricultural jobs in which they are paid under the table. Chomsky solidifies this fact when she say “some immigrants work in the informal economy, and are paid under the table in cash, so they don’t have federal and state income taxes, or social security taxes, deducted from their paychecks”(36).Which a lot of employers are catching on to because on doing this they don’t have to pay taxes and can turn more of a profit This also hurts the country’s economy because no one is paying their taxes and so there is no money flowing to pull the country out of the current recession. This burden indefinitely falls on the shoulders of the rest of the legal citizens of America who are inevitable paying the way for this one-sided labor force. David North of the new TransCentry Foundation in Washington, D.C. discovered that indeed illegal immigrants received unemployment. “of 147 illegal immigrants arrested by federal authorities in 1975 who re-entered the labor force, 35% received unemployment benefits at some time over the next five years.” (Anzovin 49)However, more recently illegal immigration has finally met with some opposition in some states such as Arizona, and Georgia with the passing of new legislation to crack down on illegal immigrants’ in these states. Until recently the illegal immigrants’ population in Georgia had increased every spring since illegal workers move north from Florida after agricultural labor jobs run out at the end of harvesting season. However, with the new immigration laws that have taken place in some states such as Georgia and Arizona, it is allowed for local law enforcement to see if a worker is legally able to work in the US. If the workers are illegal they are immediately deported and the employer that hired them can be fined up to $270,000. One major difference in the Texas version of the law is that the citizen status is on to check if one has been in the act of breaking the law whereas in Arizona there only needs to be suspicion of immigration status to constitutes a status check. Part of that law states no employer may refuse to hire a qualified person because their employment authorization expires later. People from all over the world come to the United States with a special pass called a “Visitor’s Visa” which allows an immigrant to stay in the country for a period, but once that time is up they do not leave the United States and therefore become illegal for not following the rules of the “Visitor Visa”. In 1986 a law called Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) which pertains to policies and regulations regarding employment. The two main requirements for the IRCA are first, to only hire people allowed to work in the United States and second, to not discriminate based on citizenship status or national origin. I believe that there must be penalties to worker if they do not follow all the proper procedures that are needed to immigrate into this country.One of the main problems faced by American’s is getting an accurate outlook on how many illegals are here and what the impact truly is. In the book Illegal Immigrants by Kathleen Lee, she clearly states, “some illegal worker manages to obtain social service benefits they are not technically eligible, such as welfare, and unemployment insurance.” (51). Another major issue affecting the economic impact we as a country face, is dealing with the cost of education for illegal immigrants. Most often, when illegal immigrants come into this country with their families, or come here and start families we are left having to foot the bill to educate their children which puts an immense strain on the education system in America. Lee goes on in her book to state “illegal immigrants generate costs in the areas of public education, health services, and Criminal Justice. Along those same lines, according to Darrell West “under the 1982 U.S. Supreme Court decision, Plyler V. Doe schools must educate children whether they are legal or illegal” (11). And they do this by increasing the number of students in the already overcrowded classrooms. This makes it harder for our children to learn because the teacher’s attention is already stretched so thin. Many students don’t pass and end up failing or they never really reach their full potential because of this fact.Another reason that illegal immigrants should be stopped from entering the country is that they are undocumented and so, therefore, that means we have no idea where they come from and with that brings all kinds of health issues because we have no idea what their background is. With over three-quarters of the illegal immigrant population being of Hispanic origin, they come from all over South America possibly being infected with hundreds of different types of diseases for example polio, tuberculosis, etc. These diseases could spread throughout causing major problems for Americans. Some of which could be something that we here in America have never seen before, and cause a major outbreak with catastrophic consequences. The healthcare industry is most likely the heaviest impacted by the illegal immigration boom over the past years. As it is unlawful to deny anyone emergency treatment for any reason, the taxpayer is hit extremely hard by this. In fact, in 2009 the State Health Insurance Program voted to implement that children of illegal immigrants could receive coverage immediately instead of the previous 5 years waiting period for immigration status. (West 10). Likewise, a 1992 study by L.A. County “estimated that illegal births alone cost California taxpayer $60 million a year” (Lee 40-41). I myself am for closing the borders of the United States until we as a nation can either come up with a better way to regulate all the illegal immigrants coming to our United States of America. We as a nation must make a stand and demand reforms in immigration policy. We must make a change and repair the fragile economy and return the American jobs back over to the citizens that rightfully deserve them and keep the borders closed to all who attempt to take advantage of America’s generous nature and deport everyone who does not have a legal right to belong here. I do not beseech any person wanting to come to America to find a new home, work or better life, however, I do have a problem with doing it at the expense of all the hard-working honest taxes paying citizens that have made this country a place for others to desire to come to. I would not go to any country in the world and attempt to steal from its countrymen all I ask is the same from others.

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