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Full Title of Your PaperSid BulusuDowningtown East High School Research Question:To what extent does gun control effect gun related deaths in the USA?Word Count: History of Gun Control in America The first gun control law, the National Firearms Act of 1934, was pushed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt which proposes a restrictive $200 tax on the manufacture or sale of machine guns and sawed-off shotguns. All sales were then to be recorded in a national registry. In 1938, Roosevelt passes the National Firearms Act of 1938, which requires the licensing of interstate gun dealers, who have to record their sales under law. It restricts sales to individuals convicted of crimes of violence.  Then in 1968, after Roosevelt’s assassination, President Lyndon B. Johnson wins passage of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 and the Gun Control Act of 1968, which becomes the main federal law regulating firearms. In response to complaints that the government had be abusing its rights to enforce gun laws, the Firearm Owners Protection Act of 1986 is passed. The law does not let the Bureau of Firearms inspect gun dealers more than once yearly, with more inspections only if several violations are made. In 1993 the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) is introduced by the FBI, but those checks could not be kept because federal law does not allow the creation of a national registry of gun ownership. In 1994, the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 warrants a 10-year federal ban on the creation of new semi-automatic assault weapons. In 2004, after the The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 is over, efforts to renew the ban are in vain. According to the data show by The Washington Post, 2012, gun control laws fluctuated both in the favor of gun manufacturers and the people. Gun Violence In AmericaAccording to BBC News, 2016, America has approximately 300 million guns, almost one for every person in the US. This frightening number has some frightening consequences, In 2015, there were 372 mass shootings, with a total of 475 killed and the wounding of 1,870, and there were 64 school shootings. A grand total of about 13,286 people were killed in the US by firearms in 2015, according to the Gun Violence Archive, and 26,819 people were injured. The US’s number of gun murders was almost 30 times as large as of the UK, and over 60 percent of homicide cases in the US are of which by guns. In 2001 around 3,000 people died due to a terrorist event, but in that same year almost 12,000 people were killed by gun homicide. That number continues to rise each year while the death rates from terrorism in america stay below 1,000 not counting 9/11.  The Role of Gun Control in Gun Violence To say the least, the second amendment is not an unlimited right to own guns. High-capacity magazines should be banned because far too often they turn murder and convert it to  mass murder. According to Mother Jones, 2016, more than 50 percent of mass shootings have had high-capacity magazines in use. According to David H. Chipman, Senior Vice President of Public Safety for ShotSpotter and former Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF) agent, a high-capacity magazine “turns a killer into a killing machine.” Whenever high-capacity magazines have been utilized during mass shootings, the death rate rises 63 percent and the injury rate rises 156 percent. Guns are very rarely used in self defense. Of almost 30 million fatal crimes committed 0.79 percent, or 235,700, of victims protected themselves or others with the use or a threat of use of a gun. In 2010 there were 230 justifiable homicides”, where a citizen used a gun to kill an assailant compared to 8,275 criminal gun homicides. Of the almost 85 million general crimes committed in America, .12 percent, or a little more than 103,000 people used merely the threat of a gun to defend themselves. Just 3 to 11 percent of all gun crimes committed in the US are legally registered. Almost always those legally registered guns do not  belong to the assailant. Between 2005 and 2010, 1.4 million guns were stolen from US homes during crimes with an annual average of 232,400 guns. According to Ian Ayres, JD, PhD, and John J. Donohue, JD, PhD, Professors of Law at Yale Law School and Stanford Law School, “with guns being a product that can be easily carried away and quickly sold at a relatively high fraction of the initial cost, the presence of more guns can actually serve as a stimulus to burglary and theft. Even if the gun owner had a permit to carry a concealed weapon and would never use it in furtherance of a crime, is it likely that the same can be said for the burglar who steals the gun?” More gun control and gun control laws lead to fewer suicides. From 1999 till 2013, there were 270,237 gun suicides in the United States, accounting for over 52% of all suicides during those years. According to a Mar. 2014 study published in the International Review of Law and Economics, when gun ownership went down in the United States, overall suicide rates went down. Gun related suicides accounted for 61% of the gun deaths in the United States between 2000 and 2010. A Dec. 2009 study published in the Health Policy, stated “general barrier to firearm access created through state regulation can have a significant deterrent effect on male suicide rates in the United States. Permit requirements and bans on sales to minors were the most effective of the regulations analyzed. A person who wants to kill him/herself is unlikely to commit suicide with poison or a knife when a gun is unavailable.”Drawbacks of Gun Control Gun control laws like background checks can be an invasion of privacy. Background checks require government databases that record personal information on gun owners, including name, addresses, mental health history, criminal records, and much more. Gun control laws do not prevent criminals from breaking laws. According to John R. Lott, Jr., PhD, gun rights activist, “The problem with such gun control laws is that they take away guns from law-abiding citizens, while would-be criminals ignore them.” Despite Chicago’s ban on gun shops, shooting ranges, assault weapons, and high capacity magazines, in 2014 Chicago had 2,089 shooting victims including at least 390 murders. Conclusion Gun control has sparked some gun violence as well as quenching some gun violence. Ultimately, however, gun control laws decrease gun related deaths in the US. They

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