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For example in america the 6 states that have it legalised require 2 oral requests, at least 15 days apart, and 1 written. They also all require the patient to be 18 years or older, a resident of the country they are going to die in, capable of making and communicating medical decisions for themselves and that they have been diagnosed with terminal illness that will lead to death in 6 monthsEthics, the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation. Is it ethical for a physician to assist their patient in killing themselves if their quality of life is deteriorating at a rapid rate? This is what I am going to be discussing in this essay through the eyes of people who are for physician assisted suicide (PAS),  people who are against it and various moral theories such as utilitarianism and virtue theory. Utilitarianism according to Merriam Webster is a theory that the aim of action should be the largest possible balance of pleasure over pain or the greatest happiness of the greatest number. Virtue theory is an approach to ethics that emphasizes an individual’s character as the key element of ethical thinking, rather than rules about the acts themselves or their consequences.To someone who supports PAS, perhaps the most important virtues are compassion (in the face of suffering) and respect (for human life). The suffering associated with terminal illness can’t be lessened, and terminally ill people may choose PAS in order to avoid psychological, emotional and physical pain. A lot of people say that those who are suffering have the right to choose to be alleviated of these pains. Another approach to the problem is Bentham’s Utilitarianism. If  you use this theory to decide whether or not a patient should be able to carry out PAS, you must first consider the intensity and duration of the pain the patient is in, then weigh it against the affected number of people (friends and family), and consider if keeping someone alive would lead to pleasure. Then add up any other ‘pains’ the patient would suffer and consider whether or not there might be a treatment or a cure in the future. In most cases the pain outweighs the pleasure and therefore utilitarianism would support PAS.

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