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Feed required for
the species in the tank

Catfish- catfish
are omivores which means they eat both meat and vegtables. Catfishs need a well
balanced diet such as small fish, algae and scavenged debris. We can also feed
them bloodworms and brine/mysis shrimp this food can be alive or frozen. There
is a more simple option such as flake foods and sinking pellets.

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Platy- Platies
are also omnivores that eat small insects, crustaceans, plants and algae. Platties
will also eat live food such as black/blood worms, brine shrimp, fruit flies
and daphnia. Platies can also eat flake foods.

Molly- Mollies
are omnivores but only require a small amount of vegtables such as cucmbers and
zucchini in their diet. You can supplement mollies by feedng them frozen foods
such a brine shrimp, daphnia and 
black/blood worms, even though mollies prefer their foods alive. Mollies
should aldo be fed high quality flake foods.

Guppy- Guppies
are omnivores, they eat a wide range of froxzen foods such as daphnia,
bloodworms and brine shrimp. You can feed guppies dry food as well as frozen,
such as fish flakes. Vegtables are also key to a guppies diet and health.

Tank mainence and
Cleaning of the tank

Cleaning of the
tank:

·        
Water changes:
The fish tank water should be chnaged anout evry two weeks. When changing the
water it is best to use a water conditioner. This will neutralize the chlorine
that most tap water contains, however the ammonia will still be present in the
latter. If you don’t own a water conditionor, make sure you air out the tap
water in a buket for 24 hours before pouring into the aquarium. Filtered water
should also be checked when being used as the filter membranes could be damaged
or due for replacement.

·        
Testing
the aquaruim water: Water checks should be done on a regular basis. The
stability of the PH factopr should range between 6.5-7.5 as this is suitable
for most fish or they can adjust if slighty put.  The carbinate hardness of PH is close to 4.5
then immediate action is needed.

·        
Aquarium
filtration: Filter inserts should be chnaged evbery 4 weeks as the fuction of a
filter is essential to filter out fish waste, uneaten debris and particles. The
filter should be cleaned once a month, with the water extraxcted from the tank.

Tank mainence:

·        
Daily:
Take 10 minuts to carfully watch your fish, make sure that their behaviour is
normal, behavioual chages indicate a problem. Make sure all the equipment such
as filter, lights and the decorations is working properly.

·        
Weekly:
always count there is the right amount of fish, incase of death. Spotting this
quickly results in smaller levels of ammonia and high nitrat levels.

·        
Every
other week: Always test the fish tank water for parameters such as nitrite and
nitrate. A partial water change (10-15% of water) should be in affect to reduce
pollutants. The gravel will also need vacumming, with the filter needing to be
washed and rinsed with the extracted water. The tank walls will also ned
cleaning, filter floss is the perfect way of getting rid of unwanted moss, always
start from the bottom upward.

·        
Monthly:
All check expiration dates on test kits as expiered ones will give an inacurte
reading. Replace cartrides and filters and check that the tubing, aitstones and
skimmers are working correctly.

Nitrogen cycle

The nitrogen
cycle is the process of bacteria being converted into harmful waste. This is
due to fish waste, dead organisms and invertebrates, these materials eveuntally
decay causing ammonia being produced. Ammonia will burn the gills of the fish
and end up causing the fish to choke as they arent getting enough oxygen.
Nitrosomonas bacteria consumes the ammonia which creates another chemical
called nitrite. Nitrite prevents blood from flowing oxygen and is toxic to
fish. Nitrobacater consumes the nitrite and turns it into a chemical called
nitrate, which requires anaerobic conditions to convert ino harmless gas. This is
why regualr water chnages are necessary. 

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