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Descartes, an intelligent man of many talents, believed that
knowledge came from the mind and that through self-reflection could more
knowledge be gained and built upon. Through Descartes’s own journey to gain
more knowledge, Descartes wrote his Six Meditations. Within these Six
meditations, He forms a solid foundation, which to lay his reasoning upon since
he believes that with a stable foundation, knowledge can grow and be built
upon. Descartes formed the Basis for what modern philosophy currently is.

            In
Meditation 1, Descartes ushers in the use of Skepticism within his writings. Descartes
begins to form the base for his thoughts by using the doubt method. He uses
this method to put doubt on all his beliefs while including “matters which are
not entirely certain and indubitable than from those which appear to me
manifestly to be false”, and rejecting them if even an ounce of doubt is
suspected to be within it (Descartes, pg.6). After Descartes finishes
discarding the beliefs that he believes are to be filled with doubt, he begins
to build up his foundation with true knowledge. Through the exploration of his
internal senses and self-doubt, Descartes reveals that there is a possibility
that he is perhaps dreaming. This leads to the point that a person might have
trouble in distinguishing reality from the dream. While talking about reality
and dreams, Descartes says “How often has it happened to me that in the night I
dreamt that I found myself in this particular place, that I was dressed and
seated near the fire, whilst in reality I was lying undressed in bed!  At this moment it does indeed seem to me that
it is with eyes awake that I am looking at this paper; that this head which I
move is not asleep, that it is deliberately and of set purpose that I extend my
hand and perceive it; what happens in sleep does not appear so clear nor so
distinct as does all this” (Descartes, pg.7). While doubting all of his
beliefs, Descartes eventually doubts what he believes about God. He introduces
his Beliefs about God while using Skepticism by introducing the idea of God
being a powerful deceiver. “I shall then suppose, not that God who is supremely
good and the fountain of truth, but some evil genius not less powerful than
deceitful, has employed his whole energies in deceiving me” (Descartes, pg.8).
While discussing the idea that God is a deceiver, Descartes presents the idea
that God is actually a mischievous demon whose intention is to trick and deceive
Descartes and his beliefs.

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