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 Dengue virus is a
well-known infection. It is caused by four types of viruses mainly DENV-1,
DENV-2, DENV-3, and DENV-4 come from the Flaviviridae family. The viruses are
spread through the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that feed
throughout the day. Mostly, these mosquitoes can be found in places with
stagnant water, including water tanks, tires, containers, and puddles. Some
effects of this infection are flu-like illness and lethal disease which is
severe dengue.

 In recent years, the
cases of dengue have risen excessively around the world. An estimated 390
million dengue cases are reported per year, 96 million shown clearly. Another
report, of frequentness of dengue, calculated 3.8 billion people, in 128
countries are in danger because of dengue viruses. The incidence of dengue
cases recounted, elevated from 2.2 million to 3.2 million in 2010 to 2015
respectively. Although the global encumbers of infection is unstable, the
installation of activities to account initially illustrates the due accretion
in the number of cases recorded in preceding years. More than 100 countries in
the WHO regions of Africa, America, the Eastern Mediterranean, South-East Asia,
and the Western Pacific regions are facing this problem. Previously the number
of recorded cases has resumed arising. Almost 2.3 million cases of dengue were
recorded only in America in 2015. 10 300 cases were recognized as severe dengue
resulting 1180 deaths (Bhatt S, 2015).

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 Nationally, the
Philippines has declared dengue cases. Regions where most affected by dengue
are Central Visayas, Central Luzon, Calabarzon, Metro Manila and Soccsksargen.
Dengue happens nationally and done throughout the year in the Philippines
especially in urban and pre-urban places. Transmission of the infection happens
throughout the rainy season, May down to November (International Association
for Medical Assistance to travelers, 2016). 43, 780 cases, 250 deaths and 85
casualties were reported and recorded by the Department of Health. Generally,
there were 6,281 dengue cases in Central Visayas, 5,146 in Central Luzon, 5,008
in Calabarzon, 5,565 in Metro Manila, and 4,863 in Soccsksargen. There also
provinces affected by dengue virus including Cebu (12%), South Cotabato (6.4%),
and Pampanga (4.7%) (The Manila Times).

Locally, there is also a number of dengue cases. According
to the annual morbidity record of Maco Main Health Center in September 2017,
there are 4 people were affected by dengue in Maco.


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