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Chapter
1

Introduction
to the Study

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Chapter 1 is composed of four parts:
(1) Background, (2) Statement of the Problem, (3) Significance of the Study,
(4) Definition of Terms, and (5) Scope and Delimitation.

First part, Background of the Study,
gives an overview regarding the study.

Second part, Statement of the Problem,
presents the general and the specific problems of the study.

            Third
part, Significance of the Study, discusses how the study can benefit certain
groups of people.

            Fourth
part, Definition of Terms, define the operational and conceptual definition of
terms used in the study.

            Fifth
part, Scope and Delimitation of the Study, shows the coverage of the study.

Background of
the Study

            Churches do exist before, in today’s
generation, and will still exist in the future. In every kind of religion and
churches, it is a must and it is important that its believers or members will
gather together for a corporate worship or prayer service in a certain period
of time and in a certain. Churches do exist for special and bigger purposes.
Some of those purposes are, people will receive salvation, people will grow not
just in the spiritual aspect of their lives but also in other aspects, and
people will have guidance for their everyday living. A church is a place where
religious rituals are being practiced such as worshipping, praying, as well as
a place to learn something new and important for one’s living.

The common problem of many churches
around the globe in today’s generation is the decreasing number of people who
faithfully attend church activities and services. People nowadays prefer to do
other things than going to church even just once a week. Philippines, even
though it is known as a Christian nation, still the same problem arises among
different churches.

            1 Corinthians 12:12-13 12 Just
as a body, though one, has many parts, but all its many parts form one
body, so it is with Christ. 13 For we were all baptized bya one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or
Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink.

, Apostle Paul likened the church as one
body. Each member of it has a specific and special part or role, and it doesn’t
matter if one has a small or big part. The important thing is that, everyone is
doing his or her job. A church is interdependent with and each other and are
united as one. If a part of it was lost, it has a possibility to be damaged and
if one suffers, the whole body is also suffering it.

            There
is no perfect person and so, a church, it has a positive and negative sides.
Even though there are many benefits a person can get in attending church
activities and services, the number of people attending is lessening as time
goes by. Due to the decreasing church attendance,, this study aimed to know the
reasons and the factors that causes it.

           

Statement of
the Problem

            This study aims to know the factors on
why people do not go to church for a various time. Particularly, this study
intended to answer these questions:

1.   
What
is a church?

2.   
What
is the purpose of the church?

3.   
Why
is it important to go to church?

4.   
What
keeps people from not going to church?

5.   
What
are the effects to people’s lives of not being able to go to church?

6.   
What
are the possible ways to help people become faithful with their churches?

 

Significance

            The
study will benefit the participants themselves, church leaders, its members,
and people who do not go to church anymore.

            Participants
themselves will understand the real significance of attending church activities
at least once a week. It can help them assess themselves in some areas of their
lives.

            Church
leaders and their members will obtain knowledge and clear understanding
concerning the reasons behind the inactive participation of their members. They
will be able to find means and ways on how to help those individuals who don’t
go to church any longer.

            People
who don’t go to church anymore will realize the importance of going to church and
having a fellowship with their fellow members or believers. This study will
help them feel welcome with their churches once again.

 

Definition of
Terms

Church – a place for public
(especially Christian) worship

            In this
study, church refers to a place where a certain group of people in a certain
religion meet or gather together for corporate worship or prayer service and
can also refer to a congregation devoted to a certain belief and are united

Christian – A religious person
who believes Jesus is the Christ and who is a member of a Christian
denomination

–         
In
this study, a Christian refers to an individual whose belief is on Jesus Christ,
whose religion can be either Pentecostal or Catholic

Non-
Christian
– a person who is not believing  on Jesus
Christ

–         
In
this study, non – Christian refers to a person who is not believing on Jesus,
whose religion is Iglesia ni Cristo (INC)

Scope and
Delimitations

            This
study focused on people who are not able to attend church activities for
several months or years. There were nine participants chosen from the three
churches here in Janiuay Iloilo City, Philippines. Those three churches are
Catholic Evangelical Church, Calvario Evangelical Church, and Harvester
Christian Fellowship. There are three participants from each church.Chapter II

Review of
Related Literature

 

 

            Chapter
2 consists of two parts: (1) Importance of Going to Church, (2) The Decrease
Number of Church Attendees.

Part One, Importance of Going to
Church, explains what benefits one will gain in going to church.

Part Two, The Decrease Number of
Church Attendees, discusses the different reasons and factors why people do not
go or leave churches.

Importance of
Going to Church

            Church has slowly become culturally
irrelevant to many people now a day. According to Lipka (2013) the percentage
of people who say they “seldom” or “never” attend religious services, aside
from wedding and funeral events,  has
risen modestly in the past decade. Pew Research Center showed a survey in 2003
saying that 29% of adults said that they seldom or never attend worship
services, which rise up from 25%. Barna Group (2014) says that millennial, those 30 and under, stand out as least
likely to value church attendance wherein only two out of 10 only believe that it
is important. And more than one-third of millennial young adults (35%) take an
anti-church stance. In contrast, elders, those who are over 68, are the most
likely (40%) to view church attendance as very important, compared to
one-quarter (24%) who deem it “not at all” important. These studies only show
that most people now a day viewed church as nonessential in daily living.

            Going to church is not just good for
the soul but also good for the health. According to the recent study of The
Institute for Natural Healing, a Harvard Study (2016) found out that going to church
dramatically improves health. In a 20-year study, Harvard scientists found that
women who went to religious services twice a week were one-third less likely to
die compared to non-attendees. This is not just because people who go to church
have better health because they are less likely to smoke, drink to excess, or
partake in other unhealthy vices. But this is most likely because of the social
support and the sense of community congregants get from being part of a worship
group. When people engage themselves in church, they get a different kind of
social, emotional and mental support. This kind of support enables individual
to become less prone to stress and anxieties which recent research, The
Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences (2008) show that these two are inclined
to illness.

            Based
on Pew Research Center (2016) religion influences an individual’s daily life.
Study shows that people who are highly religious are more engaged with their
extended families, more likely to volunteer, more involved in their communities
and generally happier with the way things are going in their lives. Roughly two-thirds
of highly religious adults (65%) say they have donated money, time or goods to
help the poor, compared with 41% who are less religious. And 40%
of highly religious adults describe themselves as “very happy,” compared with
29% of those who are less religious.

            Going to
church shapes an individual’s character and enables person to develop a
positive attitude and outlook in life which greatly contributes to the success
of the person according to Stanford
Research Institute (2011). Study shows that 87.5 percent of people’s success
can be traced to their positive attitudes, while just 12.5 percent of their
success comes from their aptitude, knowledge, or skills.

 The Decrease Number of Church Attendees

            According
to UCA news (2017), recent study shows that church attendance had been
declining. Duvall (2016) says that more
than 40% of people claim to
attend weekly church services but research has indicated that less than 20%
actually do attend
weekly church services. Only 27% of millennial say they attend religious
services on a weekly basis. Between 2007 and 2014, there was a 3.7% decline in
weekly church attendance.

                        There
are several factors that contribute to the decrease number of the people who go
to church. Pew Research (2012) says 24% of people cite personal
priorities including 16% who say they are too busy, as reasons they do not
attend more often. Another 24% mention practical difficulties, including work
conflicts, health problems or transportation difficulties. The 37% most common
religion-related responses include disagreements with the beliefs of the
religion or their church leaders, or beliefs that attending worship services is
not important. Another study shows that some reasons people could be
leaving the church is because they are more anti-institutional than previous
generations. 70% of adults believe religious institutions are too concerned
with money and power, 67% believe religious institutions are too focused on
rules and 23% believe that religious institutions are too involved in politics.
Some other studies show that people no longer attend church because they have
problems with how churches are being run, how people are being handle, church
is not meeting their needs and they dislike conflicts.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter
III

Methodology

 

Chapter 3 explains where, when,
and how the study was conducted. It describes the respondents and the focus of
the study. This chapter also discusses the type of research used. It is divided
into 6 parts: (1) Research Design, (2) Research Locale, (3) Research
Instrument, (4) The Sample, (5) Data Collection Procedure, (6) Data Analysis
Procedure.

Part One, Research Design, shows
the purpose and the flow of the study.

 Part Two, Research Locale, describes the
setting of the study.

Part Three, Research Instrument,
includes the materials that will be use in the study.

Part Four, The Sample, show the
profiles of the participants.

 
Part Five, Data Collection Procedure, includes the different steps used
in the data collection.

Part Six, Data Analysis
Procedure, includes the steps on how the researcher analyzed the collected
data.

 

 

 

RESEARCH
DESIGN

This study aimed to know and
investigate the reasons and the factors associated with why people do not go to
church.

This study came up with a qualitative
research approach through case study, wherein participants were being
interviewed. A set of question was prepared for the participants to accurately
respond to.

RESEARCH
LOCALE

      The research
was conducted at Janiuay, Iloilo. Where the participants are living. This town
is accessible to the researcher because of its proximity to different churches
and religions.

RESEARCH
INSTRUMENT

      The
instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire checked and validated by the
research adviser. It contains a list of questions grouped as church-related and
personal-related items.

THE SAMPLE

      There were
three chosen religions to be focused on and there were a total of nine
participants. Each religion is composed of three participants.

DATA
COLLECTION PROCEDURE

      The
researcher had direct interaction with the participants, who were set of
questions. Detailed and factual answers are expected from the participants.

DATA ANALYSIS
PROCEDURE

      Data gathered
after the interview with the participants was considered and analyzed in order
to fulfill the purpose and goal of the study. Information gathered from the
different participants was compared to other participants that enabled the
researcher to determine the reasons behind why people do not go to church.
Every reason was given deep focus in order for them to come up with best
possible answers that may help not just the participants but also the churches
to overcome their problem.

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