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Caroline CohenMrs. AtkinsEnglish 9C17 January 2018Iranian RevolutionThe biggest and main Revolution in The Prisoner of Tehran was the Iranian Revolution. The Iranian Revolution took place in 1979. During the Revolution, Marina and her family and friends suffered greatly. Marina, as we all know, was sent to Evin for her political opinions against the Islamic Government. This was all caused by the overthrow of the Shah by Ayatollah Khomeini. When the Shah was in power, Marina’s life was peaceful and wonderful, but once Ayatollah Khomeini came into power, he instituted Sharia Law and completely changed Marina’s life and everyone else’s in Iran. When the Shah was in power, women were free. They were allowed to go to school, wear makeup, show their hair, have boyfriends, listen to music, and go out and live a much more westernized life. Marina’s life was free and she was able to speak openly. However, the Shah was a brutal dictator who imprisoned his enemies. “People who have criticized the Shah and his government have been arrested by SAVAK, the secret police, and have been tortured and even executed.” (Nemat 80). Even though he was a brutal dictator, women were allowed to live a relatively normal life and be happy. In 1979, when Ayatollah Khomeini came to power, he changed both the cultural and political aspect of Iran. He was a Muslim theocracy that enforced everyone to live under Sharia Law whether they were Muslim or not. “Pictures of Ayatollah Khomeini and hateful slogans like ‘Death to  America,’ ‘Death to Israel,’ ‘Death to communists and All the Enemies of Islam,’ and Death to Anti-Revolutionaries’ covered most walls” (Nemat 6). This shows what Khomeini believed in and what he wanted. To Khomeini and Sharia Law, “wearing ties, cologne, perfume, makeup, or nail polish was declared ‘satanic’ and therefore subject to severe punishment.” (Nemat 121). Ayatollah Khomeini turned Iran into a completely different country which eventually led Marina to Evin then Canada. Sharia Law has taken place in Iran since Ayatollah Khomeini came into power. Sharia Law disallows any rights for women. “The government had ordered women to cover their hair and had issued edicts against music, makeup, paintings of unveiled women, and Western books which had all been declared satanic and therefore illegal.” (Nemat 6). Sharia is based on the principles found in the Koran and other Islamic religious/political texts. Under Sharia law, there is no freedom of religion, speech, thought, artistic expression, press, and no equality of people. Non-Muslims are never equal to a Muslim and there is no equal protection under Sharia Law for different classes of people.  Islam is not just a religion, but an entire way of life.  All of Islam is based on the Koran, the Sira, and the Hadith.  Sharia teaches how to say hello, pray, what foods to eat, how to have sex, disciplining a wife, punishing a child, going to the toilet, practice jihad etc. Sharia also includes legal matters such as contract law, family law, criminal law, and other legal matters.

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