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Brazil:  Political: Government: Federal  republiccapital: Brasília. Relationship with US: United States and Brazil is related as they collaborate regarding expansion of inclusive economic growth and prosperity, working towards international peace, security and respect for the human rights.They have more than 20 dialogues at the assistant secretary level or above, including the Global Partnership Dialogue and the Economic and Financial Dialogue.Relationship with UN: Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations and has consistently participated in UN peacekeeping operations.Socio Cultural: Population: 209.288,278. Language: portuguese Geography: South America. Area: 3.288 million mi²Major Religions: Catholics and protestants. Financial: GDP: 1.796 trillion USD. Monetary Unit: Brazilian real. Per Capita Income: 14,810 PPP dollars. Brief History: when the Portuguese colonized Brazil in the 16th century, there were about four million Indians in the country. Today, only 100 000-200 000 are left. The indians were captured and used as slaves by the Portuguese who needed workers for their sugar and coffee plantations. In 1888 Brazil was the last country in the world to abolish slavery. After 300 years as a Portuguese colony, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. A republic was established with president as leader. The political situation in the country has been unstable and shifted between democratic and military governance. From 1964 to 1985, Brazil was a military dictatorship. Brazil returned to civilian government in 1985, and the constitution marked the final transition to democracy in 1988.Political climate:  The president is the country’s government and government overhead. He or she is elected every four years and picks the ministers and officials. The legislative power is in parliament, the national congress. In a few years, the combination of economic growth and social programs have helped millions of Brazilians out of poverty, and the economic differences has decreased. However,. Brazil is still among the Latin American countries with the greatest difference between poor and rich.Economic climate: Brazil has both a well-developed agricultural, industrial and service sector. The major oil discovery in the early 2000s, led to a period of high economic growth. Since 2014, this has reversed to economic downturns. Brazil is, nevertheless, Latin America’s largest economy, but the country is struggling with large foreign debt, and at times high inflation. Corruption and lack of educated labor has hampered development and created deep gaps in society.Major industries: automobiles, steel and petrochemicals, computers, aircraft, and consumer durables.Chile:Political: Government type: representative democratic republic Capital: Santiago.Relationship with US: The governments frequently discuss issues regarding multilateral diplomacy, security, culture and science. Recently the two countries signed agreements on education and green energy.Relationship with UN: In 2013, Chile was re-elected to the non-permanent position on the UN Security Council. Chile is also an active member of the UN family of agencies, serving as a member of the Commission on Human Rights and is involved in UN peacekeeping activities.Socio Cultural: Population:718,136,219Language: Spanish, Geography: South America. Area: 291,933 mi².Major Religions: Roman Catholic.Financial: GDP: 247 billion dollarsMonetary Unit: chilean pesoPer Capita Income: 23,270 PPP dollars  Ivory Coast Political: Government type: representative presidential democracyCapital: YamoussoukroRelationship with US: The countries is related as The United States established diplomatic compounds with Ivory Coast in 1960 after they became independent and detached from France. They have an active cultural exchange program, where prominent Ivorian Government officials, media representatives, educators, and scholars visit the US. to be familiar with the American people and to exchange ideas and views.Relationship with UN: They became a member of the UN as they became independent  in 1960 and are involved in many of their specialized agencies.Socio Cultural: Population: 24,646,019Language: FrenchGeography; Southern West Africa. Area: 124,504 mi².Major Religions : Islam, Protestantism And other Non-Catholic Christianity. Financial: GDP: 36.16 billion USD Monetary Unit: West African CFA francPer Capita Income: 3,610 PPP dollars Brief History: In 1904 Ivory Coast was officially a part of the Federation of French West Africa. August 7, 1960, Ivory Coast became  independent and Houphouët-Boigny was their first president, who ruled for 33 years. Later, a government of national unity was later established and in in 2000 Laurent Gbagbo, was elected president. In 2002, the country was politically divided into two; the Muslim north and the Christian and animist south. The country is still divided, but remains peaceful. Since 2005, the President has avoided anew presidential elections, for several reasons.Political climate : The president is responsible and the overhead of both the state and the government. He is also responsible for a multilateral system. Executive power is exercised by the president and by the government. Legislative power lies in both the government and parliament.Economic climate: Agriculture. The country is among the largest producers and exporters of coffee, cocoa beans, and palm oil in the world. Therefore, their economy is very  sensitive to price changes of these products and weather conditions. Major industries: Agriculture, Food Processing, Leather Goods, Mining, Textiles. Spain Political: Government type: Parliamentary monarchyCapital: Madrid.Relationship with US: Spain and the United States work communicate and cooperate regarding global challenges, including promoting international cooperation, peace and security. The US. and Spain cooperate in NATO and have relations in defense and security, regulated by the Mutual Defense Assistance Agreement and the Agreement on Defense Cooperation. As Spain is a popular destination for US. exchange students, the countries have a cultural and educational cooperation agreement. The U.S. Embassy conducts educational, professional, and cultural exchange programs.Relationship with UN: Spain became a member of UN in 1955, and has since then been involved in all of the United Nations operations. Spain is one of the top ten providers of assessed financial contributions and is among the twelve members of the Geneva Group In addition, the country has been an elected member to the Security Council four times. Socio Cultural: Population: 46,379,240.Language: Spanish.Geography: Southwestern Europe,  Area; 195,364 mi².Major Religions: Roman Catholic and irreligious. Financial: GDP: 1.769 trillionMonetary Unit: EuroPer Capita Income: 36,340 PPP dollars Switzerland Political: Government type: republic.Capital: Bern.Relationship with US: The relationship between the US and Switzerland are extremely diverse and enjoy a rich tradition. Around one million americans has Swiss background and The US is the second largest export market for Switzerland and an important resource regarding education and research. In 2006 both countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding, maintaining regular high-level political dialogue as well as regular meetings of experts.Relationship with UN: Switzerland chose to stand outside the UN until 2002, when the majority of Switzerland’s citizens voted for the country to become a full member of the United Nations.Switzerland has participated in many of the UN’s institutions, including the Economic Commission for Europe, UN Conference on Trade and Development, and the Universal Postal Union. Switzerland has also contributed with military forces and medical assistance to several UN operations.Socio Cultural: Population: 8,515,254.Language: German and french.Geography: Western and Central Europe. Area: 5,940 mi².Major Religions: Catholics and Protestants. Financial: GDP: 659.8 billion USDMonetary Unit: Swiss francPer Capita Income : 63,660 PPP dollarsBrief History:For over 50,000 years, people have lived in Switzerland . The country has been subject to both the Roman Empire, the Franconian Empire and the German-Roman Empire. After a civil war in the mid 1800’s, Switzerland received a new constitution, which gave the country stability. The country was not involved in either of the world wars, but was nevertheless accused of avoiding World War II by passively cooperating with Nazi Germany on Jews.  Political climate Switzerland is a federal republic. The country consists of 26 states (cantons), who have much power over themselves, as the citizens can change the decisions the government has makes through referendums. This is called direct democracy.  Therefore, the central power, government and parliament  are weaker than in most other countries. Economic climate:Switzerland is one of the world’s richest countries, with low unemployment and a highly educated population. The Swiss economy is very stable and has expanded sharply throughout the post-war period. With its magnificent nature and world-renowned mountains,Switzerland  is one of Europe’s foremost tourist countries.  Major industries finance and insurance business, export of electronics and machinery and tourism.

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