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Based on my studies, I have come to a conclusion of a new theory which I named the Pangaea theory, meaning “All-earth” in Greek. It basically is a supercontinent that included all of the modern day continents. According to the Pangaea map I had put together using my studies, It clearly shows about the location of the continents 225 million years ago when they were connected together, before they broke apart into individual continents that drifted to their location today, such as the fossils of identical plants and animals that had been found in several different locations within the modern day continents, which intrigued me. I strongly state that the organisms must have evolved together on Pangaea before it broke apart into individual continents. However, I do not believe that the organisms could have been separated by physically traveling across the ocean. Adding on to my statement, and as many other scientists believe, I believe that a land bridge had once connected the continents that shared similar fossils. The fossil evidence has helped me a lot to put the continents as it used to be 225 million years ago in the Pangaea form because using the areas that had the same fossils found within the area, I was able to see which part of the individual continents were together. To provide an example, the accumulated remains of ancient tropical and subtropical plants have formed deposits of coal, which have been found in places where present climatic conditions would not support the growth of such vegetation. I believe when Pangaea split apart, this area of where a deposit of coal formed along with warm swamps with their lush vegetation drifted north, which now had become the major coal fields of the eastern United States, Europe, and Asia. Now, to explain the climatic inconsistencies, around 250 million years ago, vast ice sheets covered extensive portions of the earth. As these glaciers moved, they left great gouges as known as glacial scars, in patterns on the land. These patterns have been found in climates that are currently too warm to support glacial formation. Africa can be an example, because as the evidence for past glaciation, Africa has been identified in the hot, equatorial region of Africa. I believe that glaciated areas of individual continents were once joined together as Pangaea and that Pangaea was located far to the south of the present locations of the African glacial scars. To reason, my statement, certain areas, which were once nearer the southern pole drifted north upon the breakup of Pangaea. While studying this information, I also learned about the mismatches of paleontologic findings and modern-day climate. Such fossils are unable to be produced from the areas they used to be produced, because of the mismatches of paleontologic findings and modern-day climate. To add further support to my theory, many of modern-day continent’s geological formations, such as mountain ranges and sequences of layered sedimentary rock. To give an example, the Appalachian Mountains extend along the eastern flank of North America and disappear off the coast of Newfoundland. Mountains with same structure and age compared to the Appalachian Mountains are found in Greenland in Greenland, as well as the British Isles, and Scandinavia. These mountain ranges connect to form a nearly continuous belt when the continents that have these mountain chains are put together as my Pangaea map. WIth the evidence I have given, I believe my Pangaea theory is truly believable for anyone.

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