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Among the oldest forms of social injustice in the world, gender
inequality has been around the scene for quite a while. From very early on, men
or the male gender was considered to be  superior in most  societies. However, it didn’t stop there.
Today this kind of thinking is still in the public domain and there soon ensued
a systematic and open manifestation of such discrimination.

Gender-related issues have become a global concern and
require to be curbed to promote equality which in turn yields peace and
togetherness. Gender inequality is the situation where human beings are treated
party or wholly unequally due to their gender. Typically gender inequality
stems up for the different gender roles within our social setups. Gender
inequality mainly arises from distinctions that are socially contrasted. There
are many different  organizations that focus
on assigning women and men’s different positions, behaviors and roles. Gender
inequality not only promotes growth but also leads to lower literacy levels
among women, poverty, unequal chances in the workplace. Moreover, there are
many positions in which women are not well represented such as politics and

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In addition, discrimination based on gender has become more prominent
in the world most of the incidences are experienced in the workplace. In today’s
worplace, the human resource practices do enact harmful gender inequalities
through policies, and decision-making processes. They are trying to make the
workplace better for everyone no matter the gender or your racial background.
These policies affect things such as hiring,  people’s pay,  their promotion and how they are trained
between that of men and women. These policies promote the notion that women and
men are not equal, and that they don’t have the same capabilities. The unequal
treatment of people is due to the socially constructed norms and myths has
affected our society as well as workplace operations.

In terms of pay, gender inequality and sex discrimination
arises where every dollar earned by a man, a woman earns less by 33 cents on
the same job. Gender discriminatory pay sprouts from structural imbalances
aligned to gender segregation by departments, networks, and job ladders.
Overrepresentation of the female gender on some sections makes that sector a
lower status area. In spite of several advancements by international bodies to
eliminate gender segregation in the labor sector, such efforts have borne
little fruits. However, the low educational status of the female gender plays a
major role in forming the basis for discrimination by employers. Society has
framed women as the weaker gender. As a child is born, his/her life is directed
from the colors to ascribe to, how to behave as one belonging to a certain
gender and the roles to play. The traditional mentalities still evolve within
modern workplaces despite women making strides in attaining equal

Gender roles played by women such as child and family care
forces women to take long leaves from work or leave work at the official
working time. However, many businesses prefer their employees to undertake
overtime to complete and meet targets. This calls for workers to put in long
working hours which on the men’s side would be welcomed contrary to the
females. The excessive commitment required by employers is the key cause of the
unending gender inequality in employment. Many women become disadvantaged to
work under such conditions.

Majority of workplace structures and patterns of
interactions inadvertently favor men. The psychologically and socially inbuilt
strength that men are to possess presents them as the leading gender. Society
perceives women as the feeble gender thus, subordinate to men even in the
workplace.  Females are considered to
lack in leadership skills making them have a low bargain while rendering their
labor. On the other hand, a large population of women has a low educational
qualification which allows them to access low-paying jobs in the service
industry. Moreover, the dire need to provide for their children places them at
the disadvantaged end of the employers who utilize the cheap labor to maximize
their profits.

In addition, an organization’s corporate culture does affect
the equity and equality of employees. Some places create a hostile culture that
only the males can survive intimidating the women. The non-linear career paths
identical to women due to maternity leaves and other non-payable house chores
requires flexibility in hiring agencies. Such attributes identical to women
have been used to deny the female gender authority, managerial or supervisory

Gender inequality has detrimental effects on society, the
economy and human development. A favorable climate for diversity sets in with
fair treatment of every person regardless of the socially ascribed roles based
on one’s sex. Equality in the workplace is essential to prevent the occurrence
of abuse like sexual harassment, underpayment, and bribery. Strict setting and
enforcement of rules that uphold gender equality in an organization especially
the human resource section should be mandatory.

Offering high education and involving women in politics and
social activities would also curb gender inequality. The government should also
see to provide scholarships to girls, increase their employment and establish
social protection programs for women. The non-government organizations should
also seek to educate the society on the adverse effects of gender inequality
and how to curb it (Jayachandran, 2015). Currently, the young generation has a
different view regarding careers and their meanings. Most of them demand
equality at all spheres of their lives be it be personal or professional, and
most believe that healthy work life is key to achieving happiness. The
challenge is to address gender equality in all aspects, for instance, politics,
business, and education as it’s the only way we can shape the future generation
and ensure success regardless of one’s gender

The struggle for gender equality is certainly the best way
to restore parity as pertains to gender in the society. Different societies
might practice different cultures, but what is for sure is that there is always
bound to be a bargaining ground for everything, including the sociology of the
setup itself. Gender inequality, having been there for ages, has only managed
to get this far as a result of the vested interests and imbalanced attention
rendered by the so-called gender and social activists in general. It is good to
note however, that there have been tremendous gains made by all the key
players, to ensure that the gap has been greatly reduced. There is still more
to be done, especially within community setups, to continue with the efforts to
ensure gender equality, and this can only happen with even more goodwill from
the players.

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