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Alexander Castaldo12/27/17What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism is the copying of another’s work and representing it as your own, it is the stealing and presentation of another author’s ideas, thoughts and expressions. Plagiarism is considered academic and industrial dishonesty, and is often punishable by penalties, suspension and even expulsion. Plagiarism itself is not a crime, but can count as copyright infringement and in school and work can count as a serious ethical offence.Forms of plagiarism include; Unintentional Plagiarism: paraphrasing poorly, quoting poorly and citing poorly. Intentional Plagiarism: Passing off others work as own, Copying an essay or article from an online source, electronic database or other online content, Cutting and pasting from different online sources without giving credit or quoting, borrowing ideas and words from fellow students or sources without giving credit. Within these two forms of plagiarism there are five different types of plagiarism: Plagiarism of words, structure, ideas, authorship and self. To sum up all of these basically it’s something like this; to use another’s exact words, paraphrasing another’s words by changing small bits here and there or changing the sentence structure but keeping the same words, or the other way around, presenting another’s ideas as your own without giving due credit. Without citation or incorrect citation when submitting a paper, turning in a replica of another’s work, submitting a paper you get online or from a friend and presenting it as your own. The use of previous work for a new assignment; although the work is your own words and thoughts, receiving credit from a previous assignment is considered cheating.Plagiarism prevention; you can prevent plagiarism by developing a topic based off of a previous work but something that includes new ideas. From there you can rely on the opinions of experts in the topic/field you want to make your paper based on and improve upon their ideas with your own ideas and opinions. Additionally you can also give credit to sources you got inspired by while making your paper or work, and it is best to stick to standard documentation methods such as MLA or APA format. The word plagiarism origins from the greek word plagion (one who acts indirectly, oblique, devious) from there the word went through Latin to make the word plagium (a kidnapping), which further goes to plagiarius (a kidnapper) which from their combined with english suffix -ism to create; plagiarism which was introduced in the early 17th century, “While it originally meant to literally kidnap someone, it gradually came to mean to pass off, in part of a whole, someone else’s work as your own” (Times Of India). The first case of plagiarism dates back to 80 AD with a roman poet named “Martial”, he lived from 40 AD to 102-104 AD and by 80 AD he started to get some fame, like many in his era he found that his work was being copied by other poets and recited without credit or attribution. This was a common act during his time as poets were expected to be able to recite and relay earlier works, rather than create original pieces. However, Martial didn’t stand by and let others take his work. Without laws, he used his words to relay the message, particularly aimed at copycats and plagiarists he wrote several verses that stated his thoughts: “FAME HAS IT THAT YOU, FIDENTINUS, RECITE MY BOOKS TO THE CROWD AS IF NONE OTHER THAN YOUR OWN.IF YOU’RE WILLING THAT THEY BE CALLED MINE, I’LL SEND YOU THE POEMS FOR FREE.IF YOU WANT THEM TO BE CALLED YOURS, BUY THIS ONE, SO THAT THEY WON’T BE MINE.” (Harold Courlander, Tip Top Writer’s Blog)In one of these poems, he used the latin word “plagiarius” to name an unnamed literary thief. “plagiarius” had previously meant “kidnap”, specifically relating to the stealing of slaves, and in short, Martial was stating that the plagiarist was “stealing his slaves” or “stealing his property”. The term makes sense because, according to the quote above, he wasn’t concerned with the originality, but instead getting payment for his work. Plagiarism is the copying of another’s work and representing it as your own, it is the stealing and presentation of another author’s ideas, thoughts and expressions. Forms of plagiarism include; Unintentional Plagiarism and Intentional Plagiarism, and both are punishable and unethical. You can prevent plagiarism by creating new and original work and citing sources properly according to MLA or APA formatting. It is an immoral action and is applied to not only text but also applies to other media such as: code, art, script, data and other information downloaded or gotten from online resources. Additionally, non published information such as words from peers, friends, teachers and other mouth spoken information should be properly sourced and cited. A citation shows readers where you have gotten your information. Citations are added into the body of your text when you add a quote to your paper. With correct citation and original ideas you can avoid unintentional and intentional plagiarism. This makes the submitting of a project or work much easier and makes you credible and truthful.

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