Agnes Varda defines
“Cinécriture” as the style that each film maker has to produce films.
For Varda, cinema is a craft made slowly and carefully by hand. For that
reason, the selection of each shot, photo, light, music, etc. are the most important
parts of each film.
In the film, Ydessa, the Bears
and Etc. The music, the shots, the movement of the camera, the selection of
photos, and the scenario are just some of all the attributes used in the film.
Something that really caught my attention is the way Varda uses close-ups in
most of the scenes to focus people’s attention in an object and its details. An
example of this is the scene in which everything is pull out of the screen and
only Ydessa’s face remains, while she is talking about her gallery, simulating
a portrait. I think this is a very effective way to focus everyone’s attention
into what Ydessa is saying and what she represents. For Varda, films are made to share ideas,
emotions and different ways for looking at reality. For that reason, she uses
music and different photos to catch viewers’ attention but at the same time,
causes intrigue and curiosity about what’s next. The way the camera is moved is
an important factor. Slow to show details, like the scene in which she focuses
Ydessa and her necklace to show her style and to remark something special and
important, or fast just to make a general point.
Varda tells a story with each
photo, making the viewer notice every important detail. She uses narrative to
connect people with Ydessa and her gallery. The film shows Ydessa’s exhibition
in a way that makes us think that we are going through those corridors, curious
and a little confused until, we finally notice the real purpose. When people
arrive in the room where Hitler is on his knees, they say that the bears lose
their innocence. At the moment when people talk about this, Varda puts Hitler’s
face as a watermark. The montage, the background and the scene are there to
remind us that things do not have a single meaning and that seeing or knowing
extra stuff can change our perspective completely. This scene make us to look
back at the photos in a different light. Although teddy bears are cute, what
Ydessa really wants to show is a dark part of humanity. The selection of photos becomes a little
disturbing and the music that accompanies each scene changes its tone. The
teddy bears seem to be innocent; however, the photos of kids with guns aiming
teddy bears or naked people with teddy bears remind us that innocence is not
always so obvious.
Varda in her film takes us
through a wonderful journey around Ydessa’s gallery. With all the scenes,
photos and even with each interview, she reflects feelings and emotions.
Definitely, all these details that Varda includes in her film are unique and
represent what she defines as “Cinécriture”.