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According to Dempsey and Forst (2012), both authors stated in the year of 1829, Sir Robert Peel started the community policing era by broking in tradition of having officer’s wearing a uniform, belt to only hold their night sticks, and a helmet to protect their skull’s. In the early community policing era, the officers never carried a firearm, if anything, the officers would cary a wooden thick stick to protect themselves. Second, their officers that walked the beat’s had a special kind of helmet’s that was rounded at the top, and had a sharp point like arrow at the top of the helmet (Dempsey et al., 2012). 
During the time of early community policing, the officers that walked the beat had many duties to look after. First, the officers had to patrol the streets from dusk to dawn to ensure their commanding officer not any and all citizens are protected from any harm. Second, not only did officers just walk to beat, they performed odd jobs and or odd duties throughout their shifts. A officer would make sure that street lights were lit properly. Third, besides the duties explained above, the officers that walked the beat’s had to make sure that no crime was being committed by making their presence known, talking to fellow neighbors interacting with them, building a relationship with them, getting to know them more and make the citizens feel safer while up and about at night. 
Throughout Sir Robert Peel’s process of building a strong police department, citizens started to feel safe, migrating to another state, moving in with family. While families were starting to move in, crime’s occurred. The first police Department back in the early era of policing was established in Boston during the year of 1851. The Boston police department that was built during the year of 1851 started to do a more in depth patrolling method, the night watch. 
According to Maguire and King (2018) states that policing today compared to policing in the 1800’s, there methods have changed drastically. The new, current policing on our era has three steps to transform the new era of policing. First, by establishing a new method of placing, there needs to be a means and ends in order to come up with a organized end goal for the police department. In addition, there are boundaries. Having boundaries will most likely limit those officers the recreating and or reforming a better police methods. Second, activity systems are key in proceeding to a better and new placing era. Aldrich (1999) states that in order to have a good, well organized policing system and or method, there has to be a set goal and have officers that are willing to finish their work and informing others of their end dead goal. In addition, by setting a end goal with having a officer with be determined, the end goal be be reached sooner. Third, in order to have a innovative up to date Police Department, the department needs to stay up to date with technology changing. 
Our society not only inside the Police Department but outside of the work force, technology is changing faster then we can adopt. Phones are changing, computers are changing, leaving officer with a wireless computer able to compete police work while on the go. Police radios changing with new features. When you have officers that are used to document their stops with pen and paper will run it not issues. The officer would experiencing more time being spent on hand writing the documents, spending more time checking their grammar, and also worrying about if they run out of paper for their required documentation. When you give a officer unknown programs, making them figure out the program their selves, the said officers would most likely run into program errors. When you give a younger generation a laptop with Word Document, newer programs, the younger generation will learn faster, quicker, and be able to submit any and all paper work with ease Maguire and King (2018) 
Within a police department that wants a change, there will always be risks said department would have to take. According to Ericson and Haggerty (1997) “Police agencies have become an increasingly crucial node in the network of institutions responsible for risk management. Their traditional roles are expanding to include collection and dissemination for information” (Ericson and Haggerty (1997). 

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