Project management is a systematic approach in helping a team to making plans and organizing a project in order to make sure the projects completed on time and meet the project requirement. There are a variety of difficult tasks for project management to achieve the goals. The primary constraint for advanced a successful project is complete the project within budget and on time. Meet the pre-defined targets of project is another challenges for project management. A project cannot be finished by individual, it requires a team to fulfilled it. However, communication problem always occur when they are doing the project. Hence, project manager is act an important role in assisting to manage the team and ensure that the progress of the task is properly. Team building is a technique in helping to increase the relationship among team members. In order to gain the knowledge of method to manage a project, an interview was performed to PanoRazzi SDN BHD. This paper is discussed in details about the project management in this company.
Experience can gives self-confidence to project manager when they are facing some problems and issues that relate to project management. According to the journal done by Chantal M.J.H. Savelsbergh 1, experience is classified into two types which is formal and informal learning experience. Formal experience can gained from officially organized learning program such as undergraduate education with a particular project management component. While informal experience may involve learn from individual experiences such as study on how to solve the complex problem during the internship. In this research paper, interviews and questionnaires were conducted among 31 project managers. Informal on-the-job learning is the most efficient study for project managers to gain the knowledge and experience. Another important knowledge for project managers to study from experience is hard and soft skills. Both abilities are essential for them in handling the team members.
To achieve the target of the project, project manager acts an important role to identify the limitation of the projects such as time, budget and resources and they are required to predict the situations that may occur. According to the conference that done by Kirsi Liikamaa 2, competency is means that a capability or potential which including a set of trade behaviours prepared around an underlying assemble. Competency modelling is used to look for job-related information and employee capabilities in the control of employees. Competencies are categorized into two main groups which are personal and social competencies. Self-awareness, self-regulation, cognitive skills and motivation are consists by personal competencies. While for social competencies are included empathy and social skills. In this research, there are 750 people included in this survey. Some of them are project managers that come from multiple organization and some of them are university students whose studied completely in their project. Leadership competency was evaluated as the highest because it is an important capability for project manager to lead the group members as well as to motivate and act fair toward them. The lowest competency was evaluated as production efficiency. Analytical thinking was chosen by respondents as the willingness to improve the most. By having the analytical thinking, respondents can carry out a lot of solutions to solve the problematic situations. Besides that, achievement drive is evaluated as the most important desirable competencies for a project manager.
Project Manager – roles, important skillset
Project manager is the individual who is responsible to handle and guide the team members. A good project manager is required to provide solution in order to reduce the risk management. Project manager should be fair to all of the team members and give chances to all of the participants to express their opinions about the project. Besides that, project managers is responsible for making decisions whenever it is large or small and make sure that all decisions can directly give benefits to the project. Moreover, they should use the project management software in managing the tasks for developed the project.
According to the interview from PanoRazzi, project manager (Ms. Teo Lee Ping) mentioned that motivation and understand the code is the most important skills as a project manager. Project manager is required to give the positive thinking and motivate all of the team members that don’t be easy to give up when they are feeling stress or when they are facing some problems. A weekly meeting should be held by project managers in order to discuss the progress of details and ensure that all of the steps follow the deadline. Coding knowledge is another important skill for project manages as they can communicate directly and explain in details about the progress of project to the clients.