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Incident response scheme? The Incident response scheme is defined as the
cluster of information which is used at the time of the incident. The incidents
can be of any type like cyber-attacks, breaching into firewalls, planting virus.
Most of the organizations have an incident response scheme to avoid data loss.

Do
we really need incident response scheme? Yes, the incident response scheme
plays an important role in organizations structure. As the incidents are surprising
and to attack them, the organization must have a strong incident response scheme.
Without the incident response scheme, the organizations can become an easy
target to the cyber-attacks or breach into firewalls by which the valuable
information of the organization is compromised.

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How
many types of incidents are there? The types of incidents are classified into two
different categories they are natural incidents and organizational incidents.
The natural incidents include hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, fire, and
tsunamis. Whereas the organizational incidents include failure of a software
part, virus plantation, theft, cyberterrorist attacks and firewall breaches.
With all these incidents keeping the organizations members prepare a strong
effective incident response scheme to make sure the organization is safe and
secure.

The
Goal of Incident response scheme? As the incident response scheme is to avoid
the incidents striking the organization in an effective way. The incident
response scheme reduces the incident from occurring it again and reduces the
risk to organizations investors and staff members. It is prepared in such a way
that an organization can handle the damage from the incident and resurgence to
its normal position in no time. The incident response scheme limits the damage
occurred from the incident and reduces the time of getting back on its feet and
falls into organizations budget.

                                            
Progression of an incident response scheme

              Groundwork.
To tackle the incidents striking the organization, the staff members and
security team should take watchful procedures like endpoint protection is
installed on all workstations, strong and encrypted firewall, accessing the
internet only through the organizations virtual private network(VPN).

            
Spotting threats. In this phase, the security team
must find the pieces of data that show possibly suspicious activity on the
entire system or network. There are incident causes that show the actual
existence of the threats in the network and the security team must be conscious
of it.

           Suppressing the threats. In this phase, the security team finds
the threat infected networks and compromises it before the further damage to
the organizations network. The security team must update the configurations of
the network security guidelines at once after the attack as this prevents the
threat spreading to the valuable information.

           Annihilation of threats. The threats which are compromised are
the removed from the network in this phase. All the infected networks or
systems are replaced depending upon the damage occurred by the incident. After getting
rid of the threats, the systems are rolled back to the normal position with the
updated security guidelines and further investigation is processed for any
left-out traces of the viruses.

           Incident regaining.
After the incident strikes the organization and the security team manages it
and all the things are back to normal operation. The security team will often
update the security guidelines of the network to avoid next incident striking
back and make sure the threat or virus is completely removed from the network.
The incident log files and damage report are maintained by the security team
for future avoidance of threats to the organization.

                                   The Scope of the incident response preparation
committee

The
incident response preparation committee is arranged in such a way that it
consists of important and typical stakeholders of the organization.
Stakeholders are the chief decision makers during the preparation process. Stakeholders
are chosen based on standing for the entire group including their individual
concerns and can act as a decision maker.

           General manager.
The general manager handles profit and loss of the organizations. The duties of
general manager include operative preparation, verdict making and directing.

           Data
holders. Data holders handle valued data and are the vital ones in
discovering and reporting the breach and serve as a middleman between the
company and breach.

           People operations.
People operations work with the organization area to avoid further exposure to
private information breaches and to identify the extent of the breach.

           Site manager. Site
managers duty is to secure the area of the breached isolated information of the
organization and give reorganized information to the security team.

           Online System support.
The staff of online system support will notify the security team about that
incident response scheme has been implemented and will look for the suspicious
activity on the systems.

           Security team.
Investigates the breach and decides whether to implement the incident response scheme
or not. The team handles all the documentation consisting the cause of the breach
and notify the higher management of the organization. 

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