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A concussion is a brain injury, also known as TBI (traumatic brain injury). It can be compared to scrambling an egg inside its shell or a bruised banana. Concussions can vary in how severe they are. A concussion can last hours, days, weeks, or months. The brain’s consistency is like jello. It is “between the slightly-set gelatin and peanut butter, almost like the impressionable memory foam pillows.” The brain is very fragile and delicate. When the brain experiences any type of movement, there are certain results. The brain can slide back and forth, causing temporary and permanent damage. There are many important parts of the brain, including cerebrum, cerebellum, brain stem, arteries, and vessel system. The cerebrum is what fills up most of your skull, so it is a very large part of your skull. Your cerebrum helps you with remembering, problem-solving, thinking, and feeling. Another main job is controlling movements. Next, the cerebellum is at the back of your head; it is located underneath the cerebrum. Its main jobs are controlling coordination and balance. The brainstem is located beneath the cerebrum, and it is in the front of the cerebellum. A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI). They can result in a blow to the head. Symptoms include headaches, neck pains, memory loss, difficulty concentrating, slowness in thinking, speaking, acting, reading, getting lost, confusion, tiredness, mood changes, sleep patterns, lightheadedness, dizziness, loss of balance, nausea, sensitivity, vision, and etc. It is very important to take time to recover from a concussion. There are several elements to getting a concussion. One part of getting a concussion is concussion management. First, cognitive rest, avoid activities that require attention or concentration. Including electronics, phones, computers, video games, television, schoolwork, and etc. Second, rest, this includes avoiding any “physical activity that exacerbates symptoms.” Including, sports, exercising, and household work. Avoid loud noises, avoid lots of light, when you go outside wear sunglasses. Third, when you go back to school or work, be careful. Make sure to alert your school of your injury, ask for more time to complete tests, and homework, as the last thing you want is to be stressed. Take lots of breaks! Make sure you are drinking lots of water and eating right. Fourth, returning to any sports, or activities. You should do little exercises to make sure you are ready to go back and play. Have someone monitor you doing the following things and see how you feel. Try non impact aerobic exercises, non-contact training drills, instead of full-contact practice. Make sure the person is “symptom-free and medication free” before returning to normal play. If any symptoms start happening again,  you should stop any activities and contact a doctor.In my experiment, I recorded three people, nine brains made of jello, and three different helmets. The helmets included football, lacrosse, and baseball. The three different people I recorded had different types of impact. First, one was the oldest, who had the most impact out of all three. The second was younger, age 14, who had a medium force of impact. Lastly, at age 8, was the youngest, who had the least amount of force impact. We put the brain in a mannequin with the head was cut off. Then we taped the rest of the head back on. Next, each person swung a baseball bat at each of the jello brains and helmets. First, we tested the lacrosse helmet. The oldest, with the strongest impact force, was able to make damage to the brain. The helmet would not be sufficient for this amount of impact. The second one, was fourteen years old, who had the second greatest impact, was not able to break the brain. Therefore, the helmet would be sufficient for her force of impact. The youngest one, eight years old, had the least amount of impact. The lacrosse helmet would be suitable for him when referring to the force of impact. After the lacrosse helmet, we tested the football helmet. The person with the strongest force impact was not able to break the brain. Therefore, the helmet would be suitable for all three forces of impact. Lastly we tested the baseball helmet. The baseball helmet showed the greatest amount of changes. The brain that showed the greatest amount of changes was the person with the strongest impact force. The helmet did not show as much protection as the other two helmets. My final results were that the football helmet was the most protective. Next, came the lacrosse helmet, then the baseball helmet. This experiment ended up showing the changes in the brain after impact. The whiplash effect was shown by a spring mounted on a piece of wood. The spring was loaded by a PVC pipe. Therefore, when the bat was taken to the brain and helmet, it would show the whiplash effect.

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