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In each person’s life, everyone has gone through the
stage of teenager. In this stage, teenagers often have psycho-physical
transformation because of the pressure comes from many aspects in life such as:
school, family or others relationship. That’s why the teenagers can easily acquire
many disorders related to psychological, especially Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). As reported by Michael Kerr (cited
in Healthline), she defined this disorder that: “MDD, also referred to as clinical
depression, is a significant medical condition that can affect many areas of
your life. It impacts mood and behavior as well as various physical functions,
such as appetite and sleep. People with MDD often lose interest in activities
they once enjoyed and have trouble performing everyday activities.
Occasionally, they may also feel as if life isn’t worth living.”. Thus,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       research paper is aimed at providing
information about MDD, including its background, causes, effects and treatments
to help teenagers overcome MDD.

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Discussion of findings.

Background information about MDD.


According to the National Institute of Mental Health,
2012, an expected 2.2 million youths, or 9.1% of the U.S. high schooler
populace (ages 12 to 17), had no less than one noteworthy depressive scene in
the previous year (CNN). This data reflects another aspect of social. Major
Depressive Disorder (MDD) in adolescents is one of the serious issue that not
only their parents but also people in social need to be careful. Within the
last decade, research has supported the notion that MDD can occur in children
and adolescents as well as in adults (VISTAS Online, American Counseling
Association). Actually, it’s quite hard to identify the MDD by families and
physicians. Signs of this disorder is usually expressed through normal mood,
activities in daily life or particular stages of development (provided by
National Institute of Mental Health).

As reported by Adolescent Depression Awareness Program
(ADAP) (cited in Hopkins medicine, n.d.), depression is related with more
dangers of drug abuse, joblessness, early pregnancy or lack of education.
Moreover, the most serious effect of the disorder is suicide. According to the
research of ADAP, suicide is a main reason why the percentage of death in
15-24-year old and college students increase. Therefore, it is a sign that
anyone suffering from depression be realized and cured.

Symptoms of MDD in adolescence.

The rapid growth of adolescent depression is an “alarming
rate” in recent day. However, this illness is hardly to identify in teens
because they often hide their mood in many ways. Adults have to extremely pay
attention so that they can know the illness that their children have acquired.
In fact, adolescent doesn’t understand what they are feeling and thinking.
That’s why they may not be aware of the symptoms of MDD and also may not try to
find solution for this disorder.

As reported by Village Behavioral Health (cited in
Villagebh.n.d.), the symptoms of depression is divided into three parts: behavioral
symptoms, physical symptoms and psychosocial symptoms. These symptoms can be
signals of depression when they last for more than two weeks.

1.     Behavioral

Increased time spent alone











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